Syria’s close ally Russia clashed with European nations in the UN Security Council on Wednesday over a report from the global chemical weapons watchdog blaming the Syrian air force for a series of attacks using sarin and chlorine on a rebel-held town in 2017.
Moscow dismissed it as “baseless” and the Europeans demanded accountability for the government’s action.
An investigative team of the Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons said in a 82-page report issued April 8 that the Syrian air force dropped bombs containing either chlorine or sarin on a hospital and open farmland in the central town of Latamneh, injuring more than 70 people and killing at least three — a surgeon and two others.
The exchanges between Russia and the Europeans took place at the monthly meeting on Syria’s chemical weapons, which was closed. Russia, Germany, Britain and Estonia distributed the statements of their ambassadors.
UN spokesman Stephane Dujarric said global body's disarmament chief Izumi Nakamitusu briefed the council, including on the findings of the OPCW report, and stressed that they were “deeply distressing”.
Mr Dujarric said Ms Nakamitsu reiterated Secretary General Antonio Guterres’ position “that the use of chemical weapons by anyone, anywhere, is intolerable and impunity for their use is equally unacceptable. It is imperative to identify and hold accountable all those who have used chemical weapons.” But Syria was not named.
The investigative team concluded that there were "reasonable grounds” to believe the perpetrators in Latamneh of the use of sarin on March 24 and 30, and chlorine on March 25, 2017, were part of the Syrian Arab Air Force, OPCW co-ordinator Santiago Onate-Laborde said.
When the report came out, a Syrian foreign ministry official, quoted on state media, said Syria "condemns in the strongest terms what was stated in the report” and “categorically denies that it used toxic gases in the town of Latamneh or in any other Syrian city or village".
Russia’s UN Ambassador Vassily Nebenzia told the council that all of Syria’s chemical weapons were destroyed and accused the OPCW experts of “echoing baseless accusations” by some unnamed countries, “biases", and preparing a report “without even the slightest traces of due diligence".
Syrian authorities repeatedly refused to co-operate with the investigation, the report said.
The investigation included interviews with witnesses, analyses of samples taken from the sites of the attacks, as well as review of symptoms reported by those affected and medical staff, along with examination of imagery, including satellite images.
Germany’s deputy UN ambassador Jurgen Schulz told the council: “Accountability is essential and impunity for these heinous crimes is not an option.”
Responding to Russia without naming it, he said, “Now is definitely not the time to repeat old and invent new, unsubstantiated claims to undermine the OPCW’s legitimacy” or “the professionalism, objectivity, impartiality and independence” of its technical experts.
Estonia’s UN Ambassador Sven Jurgenson supported the report’s findings, condemned “the use of chemical weapons by the Syrian regime” and said “those responsible must be held accountable”.
“Without accountability, the atrocities will continue, if not by the Syrian regime, then by others emboldened by the ability to use these horrendous weapons to hold onto power,” Mr Jurgenson said. “We, therefore, call on the states parties of the Chemical Weapons Convention and the Security Council to act decisively and in a united manner to respond to the findings of this report.”
Britain’s deputy UN ambassador Jonathan Allen said the OPCW’s investigation added to the evidence of two previous UN-mandated investigations that found the Syrian government responsible for using chemical weapons against its own people on at least four occasions.
Mr Allen said he took note of the Russian ambassador’s statement “but the problem is, one cannot just assert what one wants to be true in the face of evidence, which may well be inconvenient evidence to the contrary”.