Local fighters in Hodeidah seek to break Houthi yoke

Roots of Tihama Resistance began before the Arab coalition provided arms and training

Powered by automated translation

Wearing the traditional Yemeni “futa” sarongs and sandals, the fighters of the Tihama Resistance are playing a key role in the battle to free Hodeidah province from the Houthi rebels.

Although the focus is now on the offensive to retake Hodeidah city and its port, the resistance, named after the plains countryside along the Red Sea coast in Yemen and Saudi Arabia, is manning fronts across the province.

In Haiys district near the borders with Taez and Ibb provinces, Tihama fighters keep watch to prevent Houthi reinforcements from entering Hodeidah.

Saddam Al Qadi, one of the commanders, said the Houthis get support from fellow fighters based in the mountains of Ibb, where air raids of the Arab coalition cannot reach them.

On fronts closer to the coast, members of the Tihama Resistance are fighting alongside the forces of Tariq Saleh, nephew of the former president Ali Abdullah Saleh who was killed by the Houthis in December after he broke off his alliance with the rebels.

An army officer of the Tarik Salih' brigade (3rdL) shakes hands with Ahmed Al- Kawkabani, the leader of Tuhama Brigade,  3rd R , close to a front line in al-Hudayda outskirts as they discuss the advance of their joined troops fighting the Houthis, along the west coast. May 15, 2018.  Photo/ Asmaa Waguih
Former marine and Tihama Resistance leader Ahmed Kawkabani, third from right, meets an officer from Tariq Saleh's forces close to the front line in Hodeidah, as they discuss a joint advance against the Houthis along the Red Sea coast, on May 15, 2018. Asmaa Waguih for The National 

Mr Saleh leads a force comprised of members of his uncle’s former Republican Guard that, along with the Tihama Resistance and Al Amalikah brigades from southern provinces, are the three main Yemeni groups fighting in Hodeidah alongside the Saudi-led Arab military coalition.

The Arab coalition has provided four months of training for all the groups, as well as pick-up trucks, fuel and food - even for the fighters’ families. But all parties feel that they need more weaponry, according to Nabil Al Suheily, an officer in Mr Saleh’s force, and more so the Tihama, whose arms are limited to heavy machine guns, mortars and rocket-propelled grenades.

Military vehicles and forces from Tarik Salih' brigade   with some forces from Tehama Brigade, advance in  Hudayda along the west coast. May 29, 2018.  Photo/ Asmaa Waguih
Fighters from the Tihama Resistance and Tareq Saleh's forces travel along the Hodeidah coast on May 29, 2018. Asmaa Waguih for The National

The Tihama Resistance mobilised against the Houthis before the Arab coalition intervened in the war in March 2015 at the request of the Yemeni government. The rebels entered Hodeidah in late 2014 after seizing the capital Sanaa in September.

“There were always a resistance from inside, secretively, without support or money,” said Marwan, a 19-year-old fighter now based in the port town of Khokha, south of Hodeidah city.

“We just didn’t accept the Houthis, we already felt marginalised by the Zaydis who were in charge of all major ranks during the former regime,” he said, referring to the Shiite sect to which both the Houthis and former president Mr Saleh belonged.

Marwan said many young men left the city to join a small brigade led by Ahmed Kawkabani, a former member Yemen’s marines from Hodeidah who received support from the Arab coalition. “We all fled Hodeidah to Aden, then left by boat from Mokha to train on the islands of Zuqar and Hanish."


Read more:


Many of the fighters who went to train had been part of a peaceful Tihama resistance movement known as Al Harak Al Tihami, said Taha Al Harad, one of its leaders.

The movement "was meant to demand the rights of the people to be well represented and get high-ranking jobs in our province", Mr Al Harad said. "That was when it was started, in December 2011. Then when the Houthis came to the city, many were forced to take up arms.”

Like some other Tihama members, he has reservations about the resistance fighting alongside Mr Saleh's forces, who until recently were allied with the Houthis.

But Tihama commander Mr Kawkabani said the war against the Houthis brought differing sides together. “We all have the same enemy now,” he said.

And despite fears about the humanitarian impact, he supported the offensive on Hodeidah city, which succeeded in retaking the airport on Saturday.

“It will prevent the Houthis from using the port. It will also stop the flow of money that has allowed them to pay salaries and bribe people,” he said.

“It will break their back, so it will make it easier to conquer them in other cities.”

Farmers and residents leave their places during fighting betweenYemeni forces and Houthi fighters in the  outskirts of of Hodeida. Photo/ Asmaa Waguih
Farmers and residents prepare to leave as Yemeni forces take the offensive to Houthi rebels on the outskirts of of Hodeidah. Asmaa Waguih for The National