Fears for civilians in Syria's Rukban camp after US troop pullout

An estimated 60,000 people are trapped in besieged encampment on the border with Jordan

epa07147918 A handout photo made available by Syrian Arabic Red Crescent (SARC) showing a man carrying a box of humanitarian aid distributed by SARC at al-Rukban Camp near the Jordanian border, south-east Syria, 07 November 2018. According to the UN, an operation to deliver humanitarian assistance to 50,000 people in need at Rukban camp in south-east Syria started on 04 November and is expected to take up to four days, the first of kind since the last UN delivery in January 2018, delivered through Jordan.  EPA/SARC HANDOUT  HANDOUT EDITORIAL USE ONLY/NO SALES
Beta V.1.0 - Powered by automated translation

Tens of thousands of Syrian civilians living in a desert camp on the southern border with Jordan may be moved north over fears of a government attack once US forces withdraw from a nearby military base.

Talks were held on Monday between commanders of Pentagon-backed rebel groups, including the Maghawir Al Thawra battalion and Lions of the East, on transferring about 60,000 civilians from the Rukban camp to rebel-held territory in northern Syria, the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said.

The Observatory did not say how the rebels proposed to relocate the residents, which would involve crossing government-held areas.

Rukban lies in a deconfliction zone imposed around the nearby garrison town of Al Tanf where US forces are based, but Washington's plan to pull its troops out of Syria will leave the camp exposed to attacks by the Syrian government and its allies against rebels in the area.

“This decision has sparked resentment and fear inside the camp,” the Observatory said. Most of the residents are displaced Sunni Arabs, who have spent nearly a decade resisting President Bashar Al Assad's regime.

Russia has accused the US of using Rukban's residents as human shields to protect its military base in Al Tanf. The Russian defence ministry has described the area as a “black hole generating waves of Islamist insurgency”.

FILE - This file picture taken Tuesday, Feb. 14, 2017, shows an overview of the informal Rukban camp, between the Jordan and Syria borders. Statements issued by the United Nations and the Syrian Arab Red Crescent said their joint convoy reached Rukban camp and would deliver assistance to 50,000 people The convoy was supposed to arrive last week but was delayed due to logistics and security concerns. The U.N. said the operation is expected to take three to four days. (AP Photo/ Raad Adayleh, File)

The rebels began cracking down on ISIS sleeper cells in the camp earlier this month, according to the UK-based Observatory, which relies on a network of informants in Syria.

The camp remains the most desperate settlement in the war-torn country. The United Nations Children’s Fund said last month that freezing temperatures and lack of basic commodities have put thousands of residents at risk of death and disease, among them many children and elderly. Hailstorms and torrential rain have flooded the camp, prompting residents to call for international assistance to leave.

In a letter to the UN and the European Union on Monday, the camp’s management said the fate of the 60,000 civilians was in the hands of the international community.

"We publicly announce Rukban camp as a humanitarian disaster," said the letter, which was  seen by The National.

The camp will turn into a cemetery if no immediate action is taken, it said.

“The citizens of the camp are suffering from the siege imposed by Al Assad’s regime and its Shiite terrorist militias.”

_______________

Read more:

Rukban residents ask to be moved to northern Syria if US troops withdraw 

Rukban residents running out of food days after UN aid delivery

First aid since January reaches displaced Syrians near Jordan border: UN

Displaced Syrians trapped in Al Rukban border camp are facing starvation

______________

The management urged the international bodies to pressure the Syrian regime to end its blockade of the camp, which has prevented deliveries of humanitarian aid and fuel. Since January last year the camp has received only one aid shipment, in November.

“The cold is killing children and the elderly. People are burning rubbish to keep themselves warm but this is causing diseases and polluting the camp,” the management said.

Jordan has denied entry to the civilians trapped at Rukban and has called for the camp to be dismantled.

"The continued existence of Rukban camp is a threat to our national security," Foreign Minister Ayman Safadi said last month, adding that terror cells from the camp had carried out attacks in Jordan.

NEWSLETTERS