Northern Ireland’s main political parties sat down together in Belfast on Saturday to form a power-sharing government and end a three-year standoff that threatened a key part of the province’s 1998 peace settlement.
Arlene Foster, the leader of the Democratic Unionist Party, was sworn in as First Minister at a special sitting of the 90-member body at Stormont’s Parliament Buildings.
Michelle O’Neill, the Vice President of Sinn Fein, was sworn in as Deputy First Minister.
Naomi Long, leader of the centrist, non-sectarian Alliance Party, will be Justice Minister, and in a show of cross-party support, Sinn Fein’s Alex Maskey was elected as Speaker with DUP backing.
British Prime Minister Boris Johnson welcomed the formation of the governing executive and said in a statement it could “now get on with the job of delivering much-needed reforms to the health service, education and justice”.
The Irish Taoiseach, or prime minister, Leo Varadkar said the parties and politicians were “to be commended for their decision to put the people they represent first and make measured compromises to reach a deal.”
The DUP is the largest group in the reformed Assembly, followed by Sinn Fein.
Sinn Fein, the largest nationalist party, withdrew from the power-sharing government three years ago, saying it was not being treated equally by the unionist DUP. Since then, both parties have blamed each other for failed attempts to break the deadlock.
The restoration of the devolved administration came after the British and Irish governments on Thursday brokered a deal to end the suspension of the Assembly.
The deal offers a new cultural framework to “protect and enhance” the Irish and Ulster Scots languages. It also offers reform of a clause from the 1998 peace deal that was meant to ensure cross-community support on controversial issues but was frequently used as a veto over assembly decisions.
The importance of the devolved administration has increased because a provision in Britain’s Brexit withdrawal deal will give the Assembly the right every four years to consider whether to maintain alignment with EU market rules.
The Assembly now recovers administrative responsibility for Northern Ireland, which suffered through three decades of sectarian violence before the 1998 Good Friday Agreement.