Italy has passed an emergency decree that limits the entry of ships into its territorial waters, a move aimed at curbing the activity of migrant rescue boats operated by charities.
The cabinet approved the measure two weeks after the anti-immigrant League triumphed in European parliamentary elections, increasing the clout of its leader Matteo Salvini who campaigned hard on security and migration issues.
Under the decree, boats entering Italian waters in violation of international law or ignoring the orders of Italian authorities can be fined from €10,000 (Dh41,000) to €50,000. In the case of repeated violations, boats can be seized.
"I think we have approved a step forward for the security of this country," said Mr Salvini, Italy’s Interior Minister.
The decree was watered down after President Sergio Mattarella and human-rights groups expressed alarm.
Draft versions, seen by Reuters, explicitly referred to boats bringing migrants to Italy's ports, which have been repeatedly closed to charity rescuers since Mr Salvini took office a year ago. The final version makes no direct reference to migrant rescue boats.
Last month, United Nations human-rights experts wrote to Italy saying the draft decree was an attempt to criminalise search and rescue operations carried out by humanitarian groups.
Mr Salvini has repeatedly accused charity rescuers of being complicit with people smugglers and already tightened migration rules in November, with a bill clamping down on asylum rights.
NGOs have denied any wrongdoing but most of them have stopped operating in the Mediterranean due to Italy's closure of its ports and repeated investigations by prosecutors.
The decision to close ports has caused several stand-offs between Mr Salvini and NGOs, but on June 7 the Interior Ministry allowed a cargo ship with more than 50 migrants on board to dock, after the Italian church said it would house them.
Migrant arrivals to Italy have plummeted since Mr Salvini took office, with 2,144 crossing the Mediterranean so far this year, according to official data, down 85 per cent on the same period in 2018 and down 96per cent on 2017.