Coronavirus: India’s Muslims targeted over outbreak

Accusations of sabotage spurred by the pandemic have led to a spate of violence across the country

An Indian Muslim sits in front of closed shops during the countrywide 21 day lockdown amid concern over the spread of coronavirus in Prayagraj, India, Sunday, April 5, 2020. A nationwide lockdown announced by Prime Minister Narendra Modi led to a mass exodus of migrant workers from cities to their villages, raising fears that the virus may have reached to the countryside, where health care facilities are limited. Experts say that local spreading is inevitable in a country where tens of millions of people live in dense urban areas with irregular access to clean water.(AP Photo/Rajesh Kumar Singh)
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Sadiq Khan was sitting outside his home when a dozen Hindu neighbours attacked him with sharp weapons for “disobeying” Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s call to switch off electric lights in a symbolic gesture of solidarity in the country’s fight against coronavirus.

Mr Modi had appealed for citizens to switch off electricity and light candles or mobile phone flashlights for nine minutes at 9pm on April 5 to dispel the “darkness” spread by the viral disease as India remains under a three-week lockdown to battle the pandemic.

Mr Khan’s family in northern Haryana state’s Jind district enthusiastically observed the “blackout” and all members lit candles and flashed mobile lights.

But a single electricity bulb at their home irked his Hindu neighbours, who issued religious slurs and called them “traitors”, followed by an armed assault with pickaxes, batons and other weapons.

Four members of the Khan family were injured in the attack, police said, who arrested six people over the assault.

The violence is not isolated. It is part of a series of attacks spurred by the pandemic amid allegations that Muslims were plotting against the country. India's death toll rose to 273 and positive cases to 8,447 on Sunday.

“We have lived peacefully together but now they are calling us traitors. Do we not have the same freedom as others (Hindus) to choose the way we live in the country, how are we different?” said Mr Khan, a 34-year-old farmer.

The country is recovering from a largely anti-Muslim riot in Delhi in February that left more than 54 dead in days of mob violence after months of nationwide street protests over a citizenship law passed by Mr Modi’s Hindu nationalist government.

But the immediate trigger of the fresh violence was a mid-March congregation of Tablighi Jamaat, a pan-global Muslim revivalist group in Delhi’s Nizamuddin, that was attended by thousands of its members despite health warnings and physical distancing protocols.

Authorities accused the organisers of violating the lockdown and jolting the government efforts to stem the spread of the virus after more than 1,400 people from the gathering tested positive for the virus. More than a dozen have died.

The incident was followed by a vitriolic campaign against India’s Muslim community by right-wing politicians and sections of the mainstream media that claimed it was part of an “Islamic war” against Hindu-majority India.

There are members of the Hindu community who have spoken out against the violence, however.

"It is true that hate has been increasing in India over the past many years, the communal temperature is increasing,” says Rahul Easwer, a Hindu rights activist.

"It is true Tablighi Jamaat could have been a bit more careful, but people were not taking anything that seriously until March as there was mild messaging from the government. One should not spread a virus of Islamophobia at this point of time as that would be counter-productive."


But several Muslims were brutally assaulted over allegations that they were deliberately spreading the virus. Many Hindu residents called for a social and economic boycott of India’s 200 million Muslim community.

Anti-Muslim rhetoric has seen a sharp rise in India in recent years.

Tensions between majority Hindus and Muslims have been high since December when the government amended the country’s citizenship law and granted fast-track citizenship to non-Muslims, which critics say is part of the ruling party’s agenda to turn officially secular India into a Hindu state. The government says it is not aimed at crowding out Muslims but helping vulnerable people find safety.

Police in Delhi said they are investigating a brutal assault of a Muslim man by Hindu villagers who accused him of spreading the virus by injecting his saliva into fruits and vegetables.

A video of the attack shows men hitting the man with batons and questioning him about the “plan to spread the virus”.

The 21-year-old man is recovering at a hospital in the capital city for injuries. He has not tested positive for the virus.

Offensive hashtags were trending on social media where fake videos of Muslims spitting, licking and violating the lockdown further added to the storm.

Many fruit and vegetable sellers have been forced to shut their shops, some truck drivers have been beaten up in a remote mountainous state, and a Muslim woman has lost her newborn after doctors allegedly refused to treat on her fearing that she was infected.

Two Muslim families were attacked in Gurgaon city and bullets were fired at a mosque by Hindu members, who claimed that they were checking “if Muslims were inside the premises”.

Experts say the linking of Tablighi Jamaat with the pandemic has been a “systematic” way to give fresh impetus to Islamophobia in the country.

"The political class systemically employed the Hindu-Muslim binary simply to extract political gain," Hilal Ahmed, associate professor at Centre for the Study of Developing Societies, told The National.

“In the initial phase, the Indian political establishment was quite unclear how to respond to it,” he added, “but the moment they found Tablighi Jamaat episode, they started using it.”

But the government rejects those accusations, saying that the acts of violence are being carried out by rogue actors.

"The government of India is most concerned about such incidents, we don't want any incident to take place anywhere in the country, not only against any Muslim or minority community but even for any human being," Kuldeep Singh Dhatwalia, a government spokesperson, told The National. "Those are our concerns. Some isolated incidents are happening here and there."