The $3 billion e-cigarette industry markets its products as a less toxic product that can help smokers quit. Dan Kitwood/Getty Images
The $3 billion e-cigarette industry markets its products as a less toxic product that can help smokers quit. Dan Kitwood/Getty Images

Support growing for e-cigarette revolution in anti-smoking crusade



E-cigarette regulators in the US have challenged authorities around the world to develop new approaches towards the way nicotine is consumed by smokers.

Speaking at a global e-cigarette summit in Washington DC, experts from science, regulation and public health gave their views on how the industry should develop to help reduce the number of conventional smokers around the world.

The UAE aims to reduce tobacco consumption from 21.6 per cent to 15.7 per cent among men and from 1.9 per cent to 1.66 per cent among women by the year 2021.

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Read more from the e-Cigarette Summit in Washington DC

Nations reconsider re-think on e-cigarette laws

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The UAE's National Tobacco Control Committee intends to bring a complete ban on smoking in public areas, but it remains illegal to sell or distribute e-cigarette devices or fluid refills.

In the US, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is the regulatory authority responsible for all tobacco products and electronic nicotine delivery systems.

Mitch Zeller, director of the FDA Centre for Tobacco Products in Silver Spring, Maryland, said regulators and authorities are at a crossroads in how they look to reduce global tobacco use.

“The question now is how can we use the tools of product regulation to have the greatest impact,” he said.

“To improve public health, we need to take a long look at the current approach, as smoking remains the leading cause of preventable death in the US.

“If we get this right, this will decrease the likelihood of future generations of kids becoming addicted to cigarettes, allow more addicted smokers to quit and enable adults to access nicotine through less harmful products.

“As regulators the challenge now is to strike the appropriate balance that encourages innovation but also protects consumers.”

Reducing consumption of cigarettes and tobacco products is one of the key performance indicators of the pillar of world-class healthcare ambitions of the UAE National Agenda.

Although the sale of e-cigarettes and e-shisha pipes is prohibited in the UAE, vaping is rising in popularity with users reliant on an unregulated black market to feed their habit.

Shops selling vapes, e-cigs and refill liquids can have their goods confiscated and face fines up to Dh500,000 for serial offenders.

The FDA has also vowed to come down hard on e-cig vendors targeting children, and has worked with EBay to shut down illegal on-line sales to under age vapers.

Enforcement alone is not enough, Mr Zeller said, as education methods remain critically important.

“There needs to be a sustained public dialogue on nicotine delivery, as there remains many misconceptions,” Mr Zeller said.

“If we are bold enough to envision a world where cigarettes are no longer capable of sustaining an addiction, then the alternative products need to be out there when smokers need them.

“Kids should not be using any nicotine delivery product, and that should also be part of the discussion.”

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Read more:

Almost 3,000 smoking-related deaths a year in UAE, report shows

'Lead by example': health minister asks UAE politicians to quit smoking 

UAE smoking poll: only one in four have changed their habit since introduction of 'sin tax'

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On March 15, the FDA issued the Tobacco Product Standard for Nicotine Level of Combusted Cigarettes, an Advanced Notice of Proposed Rulemaking.

One possible nicotine product standard policy under review by the FDA estimates more than 33 million potential smokers will be deterred from taking up cigarettes by 2100, with smoking rates reducing from current levels of about 15 per cent in the US to just 1.4 per cent.

The policy estimates more than 8 million smoking related deaths in the country will be avoided as a result.

The FDA issued further regulation of flavours in tobacco products and is seeking more research on the role flavours play in consumer behaviours, young people and their associated health risks.

Professor Eric Donny, professor of physiology and pharmacology at the Wake Forest School of Medicine, said smoking declined when people used reduced nicotine cigarettes.

“In order to drive down smoking levels, you have to come up with a substitute for it,” he said.

“A product may address withdrawal systems, but they are not always a valid substitute for cigarettes themselves.

“We’ve seen patches increase the rate of compliance, but people were still smoking cigarettes.

“In many consumer studies, we’ve seen the most common alternative products used are e-cigarettes.”

The specs

Engine: Single front-axle electric motor
Power: 218hp
Torque: 330Nm
Transmission: Single-speed automatic
Max touring range: 402km (claimed)
Price: From Dh215,000 (estimate)
On sale: September

TWISTERS

Director:+Lee+Isaac+Chung

Starring:+Glen+Powell,+Daisy+Edgar-Jones,+Anthony+Ramos

Rating:+2.5/5

Emergency phone numbers in the UAE

Estijaba – 8001717 –  number to call to request coronavirus testing

Ministry of Health and Prevention – 80011111

Dubai Health Authority – 800342 – The number to book a free video or voice consultation with a doctor or connect to a local health centre

Emirates airline – 600555555

Etihad Airways – 600555666

Ambulance – 998

Knowledge and Human Development Authority – 8005432 ext. 4 for Covid-19 queries

A cheaper choice

Vanuatu: $130,000

Why on earth pick Vanuatu? Easy. The South Pacific country has no income tax, wealth tax, capital gains or inheritance tax. And in 2015, when it was hit by Cyclone Pam, it signed an agreement with the EU that gave it some serious passport power.

Cost: A minimum investment of $130,000 for a family of up to four, plus $25,000 in fees.

Criteria: Applicants must have a minimum net worth of $250,000. The process take six to eight weeks, after which the investor must travel to Vanuatu or Hong Kong to take the oath of allegiance. Citizenship and passport are normally provided on the same day.

Benefits:  No tax, no restrictions on dual citizenship, no requirement to visit or reside to retain a passport. Visa-free access to 129 countries.

Law 41.9.4 of men’s T20I playing conditions

The fielding side shall be ready to start each over within 60 seconds of the previous over being completed.
An electronic clock will be displayed at the ground that counts down seconds from 60 to zero.
The clock is not required or, if already started, can be cancelled if:
• A new batter comes to the wicket between overs.
• An official drinks interval has been called.
• The umpires have approved the on field treatment of an injury to a batter or fielder.
• The time lost is for any circumstances beyond the control of the fielding side.
• The third umpire starts the clock either when the ball has become dead at the end of the previous over, or a review has been completed.
• The team gets two warnings if they are not ready to start overs after the clock reaches zero.
• On the third and any subsequent occasion in an innings, the bowler’s end umpire awards five runs.

South Africa squad

: Faf du Plessis (captain), Hashim Amla, Temba Bavuma, Quinton de Kock (wkt), Theunis de Bruyn, AB de Villiers, Dean Elgar, Heinrich Klaasen (wkt), Keshav Maharaj, Aiden Markram, Morne Morkel, Chris Morris, Wiaan Mulder, Lungi Ngidi, Duanne Olivier, Vernon Philander and Kagiso Rabada.

Dr Amal Khalid Alias revealed a recent case of a woman with daughters, who specifically wanted a boy.

A semen analysis of the father showed abnormal sperm so the couple required IVF.

Out of 21 eggs collected, six were unused leaving 15 suitable for IVF.

A specific procedure was used, called intracytoplasmic sperm injection where a single sperm cell is inserted into the egg.

On day three of the process, 14 embryos were biopsied for gender selection.

The next day, a pre-implantation genetic report revealed four normal male embryos, three female and seven abnormal samples.

Day five of the treatment saw two male embryos transferred to the patient.

The woman recorded a positive pregnancy test two weeks later. 

Specs

Power train: 4.0-litre twin-turbo V8 and synchronous electric motor
Max power: 800hp
Max torque: 950Nm
Transmission: Eight-speed auto
Battery: 25.7kWh lithium-ion
0-100km/h: 3.4sec
0-200km/h: 11.4sec
Top speed: 312km/h
Max electric-only range: 60km (claimed)
On sale: Q3
Price: From Dh1.2m (estimate)

Turning waste into fuel

Average amount of biofuel produced at DIC factory every month: Approximately 106,000 litres

Amount of biofuel produced from 1 litre of used cooking oil: 920ml (92%)

Time required for one full cycle of production from used cooking oil to biofuel: One day

Energy requirements for one cycle of production from 1,000 litres of used cooking oil:
▪ Electricity - 1.1904 units
▪ Water- 31 litres
▪ Diesel – 26.275 litres

Diriyah project at a glance

- Diriyah’s 1.9km King Salman Boulevard, a Parisian Champs-Elysees-inspired avenue, is scheduled for completion in 2028
- The Royal Diriyah Opera House is expected to be completed in four years
- Diriyah’s first of 42 hotels, the Bab Samhan hotel, will open in the first quarter of 2024
- On completion in 2030, the Diriyah project is forecast to accommodate more than 100,000 people
- The $63.2 billion Diriyah project will contribute $7.2 billion to the kingdom’s GDP
- It will create more than 178,000 jobs and aims to attract more than 50 million visits a year
- About 2,000 people work for the Diriyah Company, with more than 86 per cent being Saudi citizens


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