A man walks next to a currency exchange office in downtown Cairo, Egypt, Wednesday, Jan. 2, 2013. The Egyptian pound slid nearly 1 percent last Monday, bringing the exchange rate at banks to 6.42 pounds to the dollar. It marked a cumulative loss of nearly 4 percent this week, after Egypt's central bank took steps in what bankers believe is an attempt to control the devaluation of the currency. (AP Photo/Khalil Hamra) *** Local Caption ***  Mideast Egypt Economy.JPEG-04e74.jpg
Egyptian debt instruments attracted $15 billion from foreign investors since November. Khalil Hamra / AP Photo

Egypt to invite IMF team for loan talks



Egypt will invite an IMF technical team on Thursday to reopen negotiations on a US$4.8 billion loan deal, the state newspaper al-Ahram reported, as the country's foreign currency reserves slide to worryingly low levels.

Al-Ahram's website quoted planning minister Ashraf Ell Araby as saying he expected the team to arrive within 10 days.

Egypt reached an initial agreement on the loan in November but postponed final ratification following political unrest in Cairo, which led the government to put off tax increases needed to rein in the budget deficit.

"Today, Thursday, a formal invitation will be sent to the technical delegation of the International Monetary Fund to come to Cairo to negotiate over the $4.8 billion loan to Egypt," al-Ahram quoted Mr Al Araby as saying.

The paper also quoted him as saying he expected the delegation to arrive to Cairo "within 10 days".

Egypt's new Islamist administration, led by President Mohammed Morrsi, is facing an economic crisis. Fitch Ratings said on Wednesday that extended voting in parliamentary elections, due to start in late April and last till late June, could delay the IMF loan agreement until the third quarter.

Cairo needs to shore up its finances after two years of political turmoil since the uprising that toppled former president Hosni Mubarak in February 2011, driving away tourists and investors. The Egyptian pound has lost 8.2 per cent against the US dollar since the end of last year.

Foreign reserves have fallen to $13.6bn - less than the $15bn needed to cover three months' worth of imports - and the budget deficit is forecast to hit 12.3 per cent of GDP by the end of June unless economic reforms are implemented.

The deficit rose by more than a third in the seven months to the end of January from the same period a year earlier, figures released on Wednesday showed.

An IMF deal would unlock billions of dollars more of financial support from foreign states and international bodies, but will also imply austerity measures.

In a summary of its new plans for the economy released this week, the government said it aimed to increase the foreign currency reserves to $19 billion by the end of June, but it did not say how. The plan will form the basis of talks with the IMF.

A summary of the revised plan called for a levy on stock market transactions and a flat 25 percent tax on Egyptian companies, but did not spell out plans for cutting subsidy spending or detail other tax increases.

The government aims to raise 450 million Egyptian pounds a year from the stock exchange tax, Hani Qadri, Egypt's deputy minister of finance said at a press conference.

The government is targeting a deficit for this financial year of 189.7b pounds, or 10.9 per cent of total economic output.

* Reuters

Moral education needed in a 'rapidly changing world'

Moral education lessons for young people is needed in a rapidly changing world, the head of the programme said.

Alanood Al Kaabi, head of programmes at the Education Affairs Office of the Crown Price Court - Abu Dhabi, said: "The Crown Price Court is fully behind this initiative and have already seen the curriculum succeed in empowering young people and providing them with the necessary tools to succeed in building the future of the nation at all levels.

"Moral education touches on every aspect and subject that children engage in.

"It is not just limited to science or maths but it is involved in all subjects and it is helping children to adapt to integral moral practises.

"The moral education programme has been designed to develop children holistically in a world being rapidly transformed by technology and globalisation."

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