China injects $71bn into banking system amid Evergrande crisis

The move is expected to ensure sufficient liquidity in the market and meet extra demand for funds as China’s week-long holiday kicks in at the start of October

The People’s Bank of China has injected a net 460 billion yuan ($71bn) of short-term cash into the banking system in the past five working days. SeongJoon Cho / Bloomberg
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China’s central bank continued to pump liquidity into the financial system on Friday as policy makers sought to avoid contagion stemming from the China Evergrande Group spreading to domestic markets.

The People’s Bank of China has injected a net 460 billion yuan ($71bn) of short-term cash into the banking system in the past five working days, including 70bn yuan on Friday. That’s helping ensure sufficient liquidity throughout the Evergrande crisis, as well as meet extra demand for funds before China’s week-long holiday at the start of October. The cost of borrowing overnight fell to 1.68 per cent, the lowest level since late July, down from 2.28 per cent last week.

The moves have helped calm China’s financial markets after deepening concern over Evergrande sparked a global selloff on Monday. The benchmark Shanghai stock index is up 0.7 per cent this week, following a 2.4 per cent slump the previous week. The injections also stand in contrast to the central government’s standoff approach to the fate of the embattled developer.

“Interbank funding stability is key to ensure the financial plumbing of the market remains intact,” said Winson Phoon, head of fixed income research at Maybank Kim Eng Securities in Singapore. “This is especially important when there is increased demand for cash given the interplay between quarter-end and Evergrande event.”

Authorities tend to loosen their grip on liquidity towards the end of the quarter due to increased demand for cash from banks for regulatory checks.

While evidence of contagion might be muted onshore, the stakes remain high. At least seven Chinese banks rushed to assuage investors in recent days about risks from the deepening crisis at Evergrande, saying they have sufficient collateral for the loans to the developer and the risks are controllable.

There’s more the central bank can do if needed, according to Mr Phoon.

“In addition to the size of liquidity injection, the PBOC could also adjust the term of liquidity and type of instruments by providing longer term liquidity, if needed,” he said. “It helps anchor market confidence that liquidity not only will be available if needed, and will remain there as long as it is still needed.”

Financial regulators in Beijing have encouraged Evergrande to take all measures possible to avoid a near-term default on dollar bonds while focusing on completing unfinished properties and repaying individual investors.

Updated: September 24, 2021, 6:19 AM