RIYADH // Voting began on Saturday in Saudi Arabia’s first elections open to female voters and candidates, a tentative step towards easing restrictions that are among the world’s tightest on women.
Male voters began to enter a polling centre in central Riyadh at about 8:00am.
After checking their names on sheets of paper hanging on the wall and verifying their eligibility with elections staff, each voter made his choice on a ballet paper which he dropped into a transparent box.
The country, where women are banned from driving and must cover themselves from head-to-toe in public, is the last country where only men were allowed to vote.
More than 900 women are running for seats on municipal councils, the kingdom’s sole elected public chambers.
They are up against nearly 6,000 men competing for places on 284 councils whose powers are restricted to local affairs including responsibility for streets, public gardens and rubbish collection.
Women also said voter registration was hindered by bureaucratic obstacles, a lack of awareness of the process and its significance, and the fact that women could not drive themselves to sign up.
As a result, less than one in 10 voters are women and few, if any, female candidates are expected to win.
But one-third of council seats are appointed by the municipal affairs ministry, leaving women optimistic that they will at least be assigned some of them.
But win or lose, the female contenders say they are already victorious.
“To tell you the truth, I’m not running to win,” said Amal Badreldin Al Sawari, 60, a paediatrician in central Riyadh.
“I think I have done the winning by running.”
She said she became a candidate out of patriotism and because Islam gives women rights.
“Men and women have equal rights in many things,” she said, adding that everyone she encountered was supportive of her campaign.
Aljazi Al Hossaini waged her 12-day campaign largely over the internet, putting her manifesto on her website where both men and women could see it.
“I did my best, and I did everything by myself,” said the 57-year-old management consultant, running in the Diriyah area on the edge of Riyadh.
“I’m proud of myself that I can do it.”
But not all women trying to break the mould in the conservative kingdom had such a positive experience.
As campaigning began last month, three activists said they had been disqualified from running.
They included Loujain Hathloul, who spent more than two months in jail after trying to drive into the kingdom from the UAE late last year, in a case that attracted worldwide attention.
An appeals committee reversed her disqualification just two days before the end of campaigning, Ms Hathloul said on Twitter.
“That is not fair,” she said.
Nassima Al Sadah, a human-rights activist in the Gulf coast city of Qatif, said she had begun legal action over her own disqualification.
And a resident of northeastern Saudi Arabia, who asked not to be named, said the female candidate she wanted to vote for withdrew after local religious scholars objected.
Voters say tribal loyalties in the male-dominated society are a big factor in the ballot.
According to election commission data, nearly 1.5 million people aged 18 and over are registered to vote.
The kingdom’s first municipal ballot was in 2005, for men only.
Polls close at 5:00pm, with counting on Sunday.
* Agence France-Presse