Queen Elizabeth II dies - follow the latest news as the world mourns
King Charles III is to formally accede to the role of monarch at a meeting of the accession council at St James's Palace in London on Saturday.
The accession council assembles to formally proclaim the accession of the successor to the throne. During the council, the monarch swears a sacred oath to the assembled "Lords Spiritual and Temporal of this Realm", declaring their Protestant faith, undertaking to maintain a Protestant succession, and promising to protect the Church of Scotland.
First in line to the throne
As first in line to the throne, the 73-year-old new British monarch has spent his whole life preparing for the role. He is the oldest British monarch to ascend to the throne.
“The death of my beloved mother, her majesty the queen, is a moment of the greatest sadness for me and all members of my family,” he said in statement.
“We mourn profoundly the passing of a cherished sovereign and a much-loved mother.”
Michel Faure, author of Charles, King of England, published last year, said that Prince Philip had doubts about his son's fitness to reign. But he has shown signs of having overcome them.
With the queen concentrating on “taking care of the kingdom”, it fell to the duke to raise the royal children. Mr Faure said Prince Philip wanted to make his eldest son into a man.
Mr Faure says that, in many ways, the pressure paid off.
“As he got older, Charles began riding, took up the sports his father played, followed him into the Royal Navy,” he said.
“He began to trust himself and also earned some confidence from his father.”
Queen Elizabeth previously had a difficult relationship with Camilla, whom she used to call “that wicked woman”, biographer Tom Bower said.
She refused to attend Prince Charles and Camilla's civil ceremony in 2005 and it is said she did not to speak to her new daughter-in-law at the afternoon reception.
Much of the bad feeling came from Camilla's role in the breakdown of Prince Charles's marriage to Diana, Princess of Wales.
Biographer Sally Bedell Smith previously revealed the queen's fears over the divorce between her son and Diana but characteristically, it was not a topic that was much discussed in the monarch's close circles.
The American author and historian said the queen had devoted friends “in her own little bubble and own little world” but, while they would avail themselves of her guidance, it was not something she sought in “a different kind of friendship”.
“She tries to be amusing and she gives them very good advice, although they are very careful about not being presumptuous and calling upon her for that,” Bedell Smith said.
“She is very interested in their families and what is going on. But there is a kind of a scrim in front of her.
“They dare not really ask her about her personal feelings and personal life. She keeps a lot of that to herself.”
Bower said the queen had opposed the prince's long-time mistress from the beginning.
For years, she struggled with his adultery and could not forgive Camilla for not leaving her son alone to repair his marriage.
But, in time, the queen developed a fondness for Camilla, and, on the eve of the platinum jubilee, announced her wish for her to be known as “queen consort”, meaning Queen Camilla would be her title after her son became king.
At the time, the Prince of Wales and Duchess of Cornwall said they were “touched and honoured”.
Queen Elizabeth ascended to the British throne on February 6, 1952, after the death of her father, King George VI.
During her royal accession message, the queen promised a lifetime of public duty, saying “my life will always be devoted to your service”.
What happens now?
The successor, in this case Prince Charles, is “proclaimed as soon as possible at an accession council in St James's Palace”, according to the royal family's website.
“Formed of certain privy counsellors, great officers of state, the lord mayor and high sheriffs of the City of London, realm high commissioners, some senior civil servants and certain others invited to attend, the council is held (without the sovereign) to formally announce the death of the monarch and proclaim the succession of the new sovereign and to make certain consequential orders of council mainly relating to the proclamation,” it said.
After the proclamation, the sovereign reads out a declaration and takes the oath to preserve the Church of Scotland.
“The oath known as the accession declaration — an oath to maintain the established Protestant succession — is normally made at the next state opening of parliament,” it said.
In London, the public proclamation of the new sovereign is first read out at St James's Palace.
The proclamation is also read out publicly in Edinburgh, Cardiff and Belfast, usually at several different locations in those cities.
“If the monarch is under 18 on succeeding to the throne, there is provision for a regent to be appointed to perform the royal functions. This can also happen if the monarch is totally incapacitated.”