New Zealand lowered its flags on Monday as it marked the 10th anniversary of the Christchurch earthquake that killed 185 people.
Hundreds of people attended an outdoor service in Christchurch, which continues to rebuild from the magnitude 6.3 quake that destroyed much of the downtown area.
Prime Minister Jacinda Ardern said it was important to remember that 87 of the victims were foreigners and many of their families could not be there because of coronavirus travel restrictions.
"Our flags fly at half-mast for them today too," she said.
Christchurch: then and now
Christchurch Mayor Lianne Dalziel talked about the 28 Japanese citizens who died, the largest number of victims from any country outside of New Zealand.
“I especially wanted to mention all the Japanese family members who I last year met in Japan and who so wanted to be here,” she said. "We are forever connected by this tragedy and we do not forget you even when we are apart. You are with us in spirit.”
Another person who spoke at the service was Maan Alkaisi, a university professor who has spent years trying to get authorities to press criminal charges against those who designed the CTV building which collapsed during the quake, killing 115 people including his wife, Maysoon Abbas.
A review after the quake found the building's design was flawed and it should never have been approved.
“Today commemorates 10 years of injustice and mistreatment," Mr Alkaisi said. "Today reminds us of our responsibility to make sure we learn from this tragic experience and honour those lovely people we lost by ensuring their dreams are kept alive, by ensuring this will not happen again.”
The memorial service was held on the banks of the Avon River, and people observed a moment’s silence at 12.51pm, the moment the quake struck in 2011. Emergency service workers and others took turns reading out the names of the victims.
In a touching moment, Ms Dalziel read out a message from Bob Parker, who was the mayor at the time of the quake and became an internationally known face of the tragedy. He recently suffered a stroke and attended the service in a wheelchair.
Ms Ardern said the quake had affected people in many ways, and daily reminders including aftershocks and the fractured landscape had made the recovery harder.
“Ten years on there will be people still living their daily lives with the long shadow of that day,” she said.
“But as we look ahead to the coming decade, I see hope and energy and optimism," she said. “And I see Christchurch taking its rightful place amongst New Zealand’s best and brightest cities."