In this June 14, 2018, photo, ducks swim underneath the solar panels built on a duck farm in Binzhou in east China's Shandong province. China says it is challenging a U.S. tariff hike on solar panels before the World Trade Organization, adding to its sprawling conflicts with President Donald Trump over trade and technology. (Chinatopix via AP)
British renewable energy investor Quercus halted the construction of a 500 million euro (Dh 2 billion) solar power plant citing U.S. sanctions on Tehran Chinatopix via AP

Sanctions set to cripple Iran economy as UK solar firm joins exodus



The imposition of US sanctions is set to wreak a devastating impact on the already battered Iranian economy and blame for the increasing hardship is settling firmly with the Tehran’s “mad” regime, a leading trade expert has warned.

Just this week, British renewable energy investor Quercus became the latest company to pull the plug on Iran operations, halting the construction of a 500 million euro (Dh 2 billion) solar power plant citing recently imposed U.S. sanctions on Tehran.

The solar plant would have been the first renewable energy investment outside Europe by Quercus and the world’s sixth largest, with a 600 megawatt (MW) capacity.

The exodus from trading with Iran has gathered pace not just in the US – where firms like Boeing and Honeywell – have pulled out since Washington started putting in place sanctions earlier this month. A survey by The National found that dozens of European corporate leaders are also withdrawing, including energy and automotive giants. France alone has 600 firms registered as Iran traders with hundreds more spread across Europe.

As firms backed out of Iranian deals with the sanctions coming into effect, the decision to take Iran nuclear was cited as the key cause for Iran’s hard-hitting economic situation, said Michael Thomas, the chairman of Pathfinder Trade & Invest.

"The Iranian economy is going be disastrous for some time to come. The Iranian economy is absolutely up the creek and suffering very badly," Mr Thomas, a former British trade envoy to Iran, told The National.

“The Iranian regime is quite mad and has already put Iran and Iran business commercial connections in a very weak position and not just because of these sanctions but also due to its foreign affairs,” Mr Thomas added.

The recent Trump administration sanctions were put in place on August 7 with another raft targeting Iran’s vital oil industry expected in November. The US is ramping up efforts to curtail Iran’s trade as Tehran pours its resources into a missile development and destabilising regional activity.

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Despite official British, France and German opposition to the US move, major European companies have begun to withdraw from deals with the Iranians.

Among the biggest casualties announced so far is the French carmaker PSA which has severed links to its joint venture partner that sold 445,000 vehicles in 2017. It signed production deals worth 700 million Euros when sanctions on Tehran were initially lifted in 2015.

Swiss railway company Stadler Rail has halted plans for a railway system in Tehran in what had been a $1.4 billion agreement. Auto giant Renault, which sold Iran 160,000 cars in 2017, has signalled its intention to withdraw, as has the Peugeot and Citroen parent company PSA.

“As we comply fully with US sanctions, it’s likely that our development would be put on hold,” said Renault Chief Operating Officer Thierry Bollore.

French company Total has attempted to transfer is 50.1 per cent stake in the giant South Pars gas field having signed a $4.8 billion deal with Iran last July. Mercedes Benz parent company Daimler and leading engineering company Haldor Topsoe have also signalled their intention to reduce or end activities in Iran.

"We have suspended our already limited activities in Iran in accordance with the applicable sanctions," a Daimler spokeswoman said on August 7.

German engineering group Bilfinger has said it did not plan to sign any new business in the country, while automotive supplier Duerr  said on Aug. 11 said it had halted activities in Iran. A second solar project, planned by Norway’s Saga Energy, which said last October was to create 2 GW of new renewable capacity has also stalled.

Meanwhile, Boeing has deferred indefinitely a 100-jet order from Iran and Europe’s Airbus is due to make an announcement on the fate of its 95-plane Iranian order book soon.

Mr Thomas said this isolation would cause severe problems for Iran and said it needed international companies to help propel it into the future. “You need international trade, that’s crucial. Relying on Russia and the Far East has its limitations. Iran really has missed the boat.”

“A big problem for the Iranians, most of the major businesses were taken over by the state during the revolution. It’s all pretty inefficient because of the way its organised, so that will continue. The Iranians real missing out badly. Iran is stagnating and held back,” he added.

Despite this, analysts still contend perhaps the biggest damage will come from a weakened Iranian Rial and oil industry.

"In the past few weeks, the Iranian authorities have been grappling with a deteriorating economic situation," said a report by Energy Aspects, an energy market researchers, and seen by The National.

“Since Trump announced the US would reimpose sanctions, a collapsing Iranian Rial has unleashed inflationary pressures across the economy, hiking the cost of imports and the cost of living, leading to protests across the country,” it added.

“The dollar sanctions that came in (on August 7) are extremely important most of the payments, not all of them, are done in dollars. Even the ones done in Euros are not willing to transact with Iran,” said Amrita Sen, chief oil market analyst at Energy Aspects,

There are also fears the November 4 sanctions will bring as it targets the Iranian oil industry. Ms Sen predicts Iranian exports to drop from 2.7 million barrels per day to around 1.2 million bpd by the end of the year.

“It will be catastrophic. The Iranian economy depends on oil and gas,” said Mr Thomas.

He said he had a deep affection for Iran and the people he knows in the country and he lamented the barriers that have been erected between Iran and the outside world.

“Iran decided it wanted to go down the nuclear weapons mistake. Huge mistake, huge tragedy for the Iran people. Iran should be focused on its own economy and it can’t possibly do that if it's playing the nuclear game, that will affect Iranian business,” he said.

“It’s a bright intelligent population. Many well-educated Iranians are doing their best to leave Iran. There really is a brain drain going on because they want to get out and make a better life for themselves,” Mr Thomas added.

COMPANY PROFILE

Company name: Almouneer
Started: 2017
Founders: Dr Noha Khater and Rania Kadry
Based: Egypt
Number of staff: 120
Investment: Bootstrapped, with support from Insead and Egyptian government, seed round of
$3.6 million led by Global Ventures

If you go

There are regular flights from Dubai to Kathmandu. Fares with Air Arabia and flydubai start at Dh1,265.
In Kathmandu, rooms at the Oasis Kathmandu Hotel start at Dh195 and Dh120 at Hotel Ganesh Himal.
Third Rock Adventures offers professionally run group and individual treks and tours using highly experienced guides throughout Nepal, Bhutan and other parts of the Himalayas.

Our legal columnist

Name: Yousef Al Bahar

Advocate at Al Bahar & Associate Advocates and Legal Consultants, established in 1994

Education: Mr Al Bahar was born in 1979 and graduated in 2008 from the Judicial Institute. He took after his father, who was one of the first Emirati lawyers

COMPANY PROFILE

Name: Xpanceo

Started: 2018

Founders: Roman Axelrod, Valentyn Volkov

Based: Dubai, UAE

Industry: Smart contact lenses, augmented/virtual reality

Funding: $40 million

Investor: Opportunity Venture (Asia)

How to wear a kandura

Dos

  • Wear the right fabric for the right season and occasion 
  • Always ask for the dress code if you don’t know
  • Wear a white kandura, white ghutra / shemagh (headwear) and black shoes for work 
  • Wear 100 per cent cotton under the kandura as most fabrics are polyester

Don’ts 

  • Wear hamdania for work, always wear a ghutra and agal 
  • Buy a kandura only based on how it feels; ask questions about the fabric and understand what you are buying
Neymar's bio

Total club appearances 411

Total goals scored 241

Appearances for Barca 186

Goals scored for Barca 105

The specs

Engine: Dual synchronous electric motors
Power: 660hp
Torque: 1,100Nm
Transmission: Single-speed automatic
Touring range: 488km-560km
Price: From Dh850,000 (estimate)
On sale: October

The Details

Kabir Singh

Produced by: Cinestaan Studios, T-Series

Directed by: Sandeep Reddy Vanga

Starring: Shahid Kapoor, Kiara Advani, Suresh Oberoi, Soham Majumdar, Arjun Pahwa

Rating: 2.5/5 

All We Imagine as Light

Director: Payal Kapadia

Starring: Kani Kusruti, Divya Prabha, Chhaya Kadam

Rating: 4/5

Victims of the 2018 Parkland school shooting

Alyssa Alhadeff, 14

Scott Beigel, 35

Martin Duque, 14

Nicholas Dworet, 17

Aaron Feis, 37

Jaime Guttenberg, 14

Chris Hixon, 49

Luke Hoyer, 15

Cara Loughran, 14

Gina Montalto, 14

Joaquin Oliver, 17

Alaina Petty, 14

Meadow Pollack, 18

Helena Ramsay, 17

Alex Schachter, 14

Carmen Schentrup, 16

Peter Wang, 15

The specs: 2019 Haval H6

Price, base: Dh69,900

Engine: 2.0-litre turbocharged four-cylinder

Transmission: Seven-speed automatic

Power: 197hp @ 5,500rpm

Torque: 315Nm @ 2,000rpm

Fuel economy, combined: 7.0L / 100km

TOURNAMENT INFO

Opening fixtures:
Friday, Oct 5

8pm: Kabul Zwanan v Paktia Panthers

Saturday, Oct 6
4pm: Nangarhar Leopards v Kandahar Knights
8pm: Kabul Zwanan v Balkh Legends

Tickets
Tickets can be bought online at https://www.q-tickets.com/apl/eventlist and at the ticket office at the stadium.

TV info
The tournament will be broadcast live in the UAE on OSN Sports.

Sri Lanka squad for tri-nation series

Angelo Mathews (c), Upul Tharanga, Danushka Gunathilaka, Kusal Mendis, Dinesh Chandimal, Kusal Janith Perera, Thisara Perera, Asela Gunaratne, Niroshan Dickwella, Suranga Lakmal, Nuwan Pradeep, Dushmantha Chameera, Shehan Madushanka, Akila Dananjaya, Lakshan Sandakan and Wanidu Hasaranga

If you go

The flights
Emirates and Etihad fly direct to Nairobi, with fares starting from Dh1,695. The resort can be reached from Nairobi via a 35-minute flight from Wilson Airport or Jomo Kenyatta International Airport, or by road, which takes at least three hours.

The rooms
Rooms at Fairmont Mount Kenya range from Dh1,870 per night for a deluxe room to Dh11,000 per night for the William Holden Cottage.