Lebanese prime minister Saad Hariri (R) meets President Michel Aoun (L) and Parliament  speaker Nabih Berri(C) at the presidential palace in Baadba on November 22, 2017. 
Lebanon's prime minister Saad Hariri returned to his home country late, on the eve of its independence day and after a nearly three-week absence dominated by his surprise resignation. / AFP PHOTO / STRINGER
Lebanese prime minister Saad Hariri (R) meets President Michel Aoun (L) and Parliament speaker Nabih Berri(C) at the presidential palace in Baadba on November 22, 2017. AFP File Photo

In Lebanon's election, one man's place in parliament is certain



Almost 1,000 candidates are registered for Lebanon's first parliamentary elections in nearly a decade. Though many voters are baffled about what is at stake - attention is dominated by who is allied with who, rather than what anyone stands for - at least one thing seems certain. When a new government is formed, Nabih Berri will keep his job as speaker of parliament.

Now 80, Mr Berri's political career is inextricably linked to Lebanon's devastating 15-year civil war.

A Shiite, he led resistance against the Israeli army's occupation, especially in southern Lebanon, becoming leader of the Shiite Amal movement in 1980. He has been parliament speaker since 1992, when the country formed its first post-war government.

In a sign of how old battles are never far from the surface in Lebanese politics, one of his main adversaries is Lebanon's President Michel Aoun, a Christian and former army general who fought on the opposite side in the civil war.

The nub of their most recent dispute - which many say was designed to destabilise Mr Berri's supporters before the May 6 election - lies in blood, as much as politics. Gibran Bassil, Mr Aoun's son-in-law, is Lebanon's foreign minister. The former's decision to call Mr Berri a thug led to tyres being set on fire and roads being blocked in January, before Mr Aoun called for calm.

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Lebanon gripped by political 'thug' row

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And though jockeying for power has long replaced governing in Lebanon - rows and crumbling coalitions meant much of the past decade has been spent without a cabinet - old alliances are Mr Berri's salvation.

While campaigning in Beirut on Tuesday, Nohad Machnouk, the interior minister and a member of prime minister Saad Hariri's Future party, said Mr Berri's role "is not a subject up for discussion".

The statement was a response to a warning last week by Druze leader Walid Jumblatt, leader of the country's most powerful Druze clan and an ally of Mr Berri’s since they fought together during the war, against any attempt to remove the speaker.

Mr Jumblatt’s warning was directed at Future's leaders and the Free Patriotic Movement, the country’s largest Christian political party, led by Mr Bassil.

Recent months have also found Mr Hariri attempting to mediate between Mr Berri and Mr Aoun after the latter approved promotions for number of army officers without first consulting finance minister Ali Hasan Khalil, one of Mr Berri's deputies and possible successor as leader of Amal.

Mr Berri complained that the vast majority of the officers being promoted were Maronite Christians.

The post of speaker of parliament in Lebanon is reserved for a Shiite Muslim, just as Lebanon’s constitution stipulates that the prime minister should be a Sunni Muslim and the president a Maronite Christian.

Mr Berri's Amal movement was founded by cleric Mousa Sadr in 1974 to empower Lebanon's historically dispossessed Shiite community. The legacy of challenging Israel's occupation in the 1980s plays strongly.

"Fundamentally, he's a great political operator," said Mohamad Bazzi, a Lebanese journalist and professor at New York University. "I wouldn’t bet against him. He’s survived so much.

"On the face of it, the strongest political movement in the Shiite community is Hezbollah – it surpassed Amal several decades ago. They took the dominant role in the fight in southern Lebanon and got more and more support from Iran, but Berri managed to keep his political fiefdom."

Yet it likely serves Hezbollah's interests to have Berri at the forefront as the country's top Shiite politician.

"If Hezbollah wanted it, they could take the speakership, but that could cause problems because of outside powers," Mr Bazzi said, alluding to the competing rivalries of Saudi Arabia and Iran.

Lebanese pollster Abdo Saad said Mr Berri's near certain return as speaker is likely to be matched with little change more broadly.

"The same group will stay, the same parties. The only difference is going to be that the Future current (Mr Hariri’s party) will see their bloc decrease, from 35 to 22 seats," Mr Saad said, calling Mr Berri  "a very charismatic leader".

At an open air café in downtown Beirut, festooned with posters of Mr Berri and Mousa Sadr in Zoqaq Al Blatt, a predominantly Shiite neighborhood, Amal supporters laughed when asked how Mr Berri had managed to remain in his post for so long.

"We are a sectarian country," one young man said. "And he is the smartest Shiite."

At Eternity’s Gate

Director: Julian Schnabel

Starring: Willem Dafoe, Oscar Isaacs, Mads Mikkelsen

Three stars

Company profile

Name: Back to Games and Boardgame Space

Started: Back to Games (2015); Boardgame Space (Mark Azzam became co-founder in 2017)

Founder: Back to Games (Mr Azzam); Boardgame Space (Mr Azzam and Feras Al Bastaki)

Based: Dubai and Abu Dhabi 

Industry: Back to Games (retail); Boardgame Space (wholesale and distribution) 

Funding: Back to Games: self-funded by Mr Azzam with Dh1.3 million; Mr Azzam invested Dh250,000 in Boardgame Space  

Growth: Back to Games: from 300 products in 2015 to 7,000 in 2019; Boardgame Space: from 34 games in 2017 to 3,500 in 2019

THREE

Director: Nayla Al Khaja

Starring: Jefferson Hall, Faten Ahmed, Noura Alabed, Saud Alzarooni

Rating: 3.5/5

RESULTS

Cagliari 5-2 Fiorentina
Udinese 0-0 SPAL
Sampdoria 0-0 Atalanta
Lazio 4-2 Lecce
Parma 2-0 Roma
Juventus 1-0 AC Milan

What you as a drone operator need to know

A permit and licence is required to fly a drone legally in Dubai.

Sanad Academy is the United Arab Emirate’s first RPA (Remotely Piloted Aircraft) training and certification specialists endorsed by the Dubai Civil Aviation authority.

It is responsible to train, test and certify drone operators and drones in UAE with DCAA Endorsement.

“We are teaching people how to fly in accordance with the laws of the UAE,” said Ahmad Al Hamadi, a trainer at Sanad.

“We can show how the aircraft work and how they are operated. They are relatively easy to use, but they need responsible pilots.

“Pilots have to be mature. They are given a map of where they can and can’t fly in the UAE and we make these points clear in the lectures we give.

“You cannot fly a drone without registration under any circumstances.”

Larger drones are harder to fly, and have a different response to location control. There are no brakes in the air, so the larger drones have more power.

The Sanad Academy has a designated area to fly off the Al Ain Road near Skydive Dubai to show pilots how to fly responsibly.

“As UAS technology becomes mainstream, it is important to build wider awareness on how to integrate it into commerce and our personal lives,” said Major General Abdulla Khalifa Al Marri, Commander-in-Chief, Dubai Police.

“Operators must undergo proper training and certification to ensure safety and compliance.

“Dubai’s airspace will undoubtedly experience increased traffic as UAS innovations become commonplace, the Forum allows commercial users to learn of best practice applications to implement UAS safely and legally, while benefitting a whole range of industries.”


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