European leaders call for de-escalation as Iran retreats from nuclear deal

Tension has heightened since Qassem Suleimani was killed in a US rocket strike at Baghdad International Airport on Friday

epa08105129 (FILE) - A handout photo made available by the presidential office shows Iranian President Hassan Rouhani (R) and the head of Iran nuclear technology organization Ali Akbar Salehi inspecting nuclear technology on the occasion of Iran National Nuclear Technology Day in Tehran, Iran, 09 April 2019 (reissued 05 January 2020). According to Iranian State TV reports, Iran will no longer keep any limits of 2015 nuclear deal. The decision comes after Iran's Quds Force leader Qasem Soleimani death on 03 January 2020 following a US airstrike at Baghdad's international airport.  EPA/IRANIAN PRESIDENCY OFFICE HANDOUT  HANDOUT EDITORIAL USE ONLY/NO SALES *** Local Caption *** 55326559
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The leaders of Britain, France and Germany have condemned recent attacks on coalition forces in Iraq and called for a de-escalation in the region, two days after the US killed Iran's most senior military general in an air strike in Baghdad.

French President Emmanuel Macron, German Chancellor Angela Merkel and British Prime Minister Boris Johnson spoke on Sunday amid heightened tension in the Gulf after the killing of Qassem Suleimani in a US rocket strike at Baghdad International Airport on Friday.

"We have condemned the recent attacks on coalitions forces in Iraq and are gravely concerned by the negative role Iran has played in the region, including through the IRGC and the Quds Force under the command of Suleimani," a joint statement from the three European countries said.

"There is now an urgent need for de-escalation.  We call on all parties to exercise utmost restraint and responsibility. The current cycle of violence in Iraq must be stopped.

"We specifically call on Iran to refrain from further violent action or proliferation and urge Iran to reverse all measures inconsistent with the JCPOA (Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action)."

Earlier on Sunday, Iran said it planned to further roll back its commitments to the 2015 nuclear deal it signed with global powers, but claimed it intended to continue to co-operate with the UN nuclear watchdog, the IAEA.

On Sunday, Iran's state television cited a government statement as saying Iran would not respect any limits set out in the pact on the number of uranium enrichment centrifuges it could use.

This would mean there would be no limit on Iran’s enrichment capacity, the level to which uranium could be enriched, or its nuclear research and development. These limits would now be based on Iran's technical needs.

But the report said Tehran decision to roll back its commitments to the nuclear deal could be reversed if the US lifts its sanctions.

Iran has previously broken the terms of the 2015 deal. It said that was in response to renewed US sanctions on the country.

The US withdrew from the nuclear accord in 2018, but the other parties to the deal - Britain, France, Germany, China and Russia - have tried to preserve it.

But the recent attacks in Iraq have made relations fragile. The head of Tehran-backed Iraqi militia Kataib Hezbollah, Abu Mahdi Al Muhandis, was also killed in the strike that killed Suleimani, a move ordered by US President Donald Trump.

The Associated Press reported there were several air strikes that targeted Iraqi militias north of Baghdad on Friday. The US has denied responsibility for those attacks.

The deaths of Suleimani and Al Muhandis have brought tension between Tehran and Washington to new heights. Iran said it would respond to the US air strikes with “harsh revenge”.

Several rockets launched in Baghdad late on Saturday fell inside or near the Green Zone, which covers government offices and foreign offices including the US embassy.

About 5,000 US troops remain in Iraq, most in an advisory role. But on Sunday, Iraq’s parliament voted in favour of the expulsion of foreign troops from the country.

In their statement, the leaders of France, Germany and Britain issued a warning that another crisis in Iraq could jeopardise years of efforts to achieve stability in the country.

The three countries reaffirmed their commitment to the fight against ISIS, before urging the Iraqi authorities to continue providing coalition forces with support.

On Sunday, Mr Johnson said Suleimani had a destabilising effect on the Middle East but that threats of reprisals would only lead to more violence.

“Qassem Suleimani posed a threat to all our interests and was responsible for a pattern of disruptive, destabilising behaviour in the region,” Mr Johnson said.

“Given the leading role he has played in actions that have led to the deaths of thousands of innocent civilians and western personnel, we will not lament his death.

“It is clear, however, that all calls for retaliation or reprisals will simply lead to more violence in the region and they are in no one’s interest.”