ISIL announces new leader of Nigeria’s Boko Haram

Abu Musab Al Barnawi is named the new Wali, or governor, of ISIL's so-called West Africa Province, replacing long-time Boko Haram leader Abubakar Shekau.

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LAGOS // Nigeria’s Boko Haram have a new leader who is threatening to bomb churches and kill Christians while ending attacks on mosques and markets used by ordinary Muslims, according to an interview published Wednesday by ISIL.

He also says there is a Western plot to “Christianise” the region and has accused charities of using their aid for that, according to a SITE Intelligence Group translation of an interview published on Wednesday in the ISIL newspaper Al Nabaa.

The newspaper identified Abu Musab Al Barnawi as the new Wali, or governor, of its so-called West Africa Province. The Wali title was previously used to describe long-time Boko Haram leader Abubakar Shekau.

The report did not say what Shekau’s current status was, although there have been rumours for weeks that he had been replaced.

The interview with Al Barnawi indicates a major shift in strategy for the Nigerian extremists, who have killed many more Muslims than Christians in attacks on mosques with suicide bombers and gunmen.

There have also been attacks on crowded marketplaces in predominantly Muslim areas and the killings and kidnappings of schoolchildren. The targeting of students accounts for its name Boko Haram, which means Western education is sinful or forbidden.

“They strongly seek to Christianise the society ... They exploit the condition of those who are displaced under the raging war, providing them with food and shelter and then Christianising their children,” SITE Intelligence quotes the new leader as saying.

Al Barnawi says the militants will respond to that threat by “booby-trapping and blowing up every church that we are able to reach, and killing all of those [Christians] who we find from the citizens of the cross.”

Wednesday’s announcement indicates a coup by Boko Haram breakaway group Ansaru against Shekau, and follows a trend of extremist groups moving away from Al Qaeda to ISIL, analyst Jacob Zenn said.

Ansaru broke away from Boko Haram because it disagrees with the indiscriminate killing of civilians, especially Muslims.

Al Barnawi is the pseudonym of a Nigerian journalist allied with Ansaru, which is known for kidnapping foreigners, according to Mr Zenn.

In March 2015, Shekau switched allegiance from Al Qaeda and declared that Boko Haram be known as ISIL’s West Africa Province. At the time, Boko Haram was the most powerful military force in north-east Nigeria, controlling a huge area and was better equipped and motivated than Nigerian forces.

Under Shekau, the seven-year insurgency spread to neighbouring countries, killed more than 20,000 people and drove more than 2.2 million from their homes, and created what aid workers are calling a catastrophic humanitarian emergency with children dying of starvation daily.

Boko Haram last week ambushed a humanitarian convoy, killing three civilians including a UN employee and causing the suspension of UN aid to newly liberated but still dangerous areas of Nigeria’s north-east.

Since last year, Nigeria has a new leader, President Muhammadu Buhari, a former military dictator who has better armed and motivated security forces. He is also fighting corruption that diverted $2.1 billion that was meant to buy weapons to fight the Islamic uprising, and is co-operating with a multinational force that has the extremists on the run.

In the interview, Al Barnawi said that under his leadership the militants will work to seize back territory. He said that increasing numbers of youth are joining the cause, though Nigeria’s military reports that hundreds of its fighters have surrendered as aerial bombardments and ground assaults cut supply routes.

* Associated Press