17 mummies discovered in central Egypt

Archaeologists found the mummies in a series of corridors after following the trail of burial shafts in a central Egypt province.

Egyptian Antiquities Minister Khaled El Enany (C)  on May 13, 2017, in front of mummies following their discovery in catacombs in the Touna El Gabal district of the Minya province, in central Egypt.  Khaled Desouki / AFP
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TOUNA EL GABAL, EGYPT // Egyptian archaeologists have discovered 17 mummies in desert catacombs in Minya province, an “unprecedented” find for the area south of Cairo, the antiquities ministry announced on Saturday.

Archaeologists found the mummies in a series of corridors after following the trail of burial shafts in the Touna-Gabal district of the central Egyptian province.

Along with the mummies they found a golden sheet and two papyri in Demotic — an ancient Egyptian script — as well as a number of sarcophagi made of limestone and clay.

There were also animal and bird coffins, the ministry said.

The mummies, which are not of royal personages, have not yet been dated but the ministry said they belonged to the Late Period, which spanned almost 300 years up to Alexander the Great’s conquest of Egypt in 332BC. However, a museum spokesman said they could also date from the Ptolemaic Dynasty, founded by Alexander the Great’s general, Ptolemy.

The discovery of the non-royal mummies is considered unprecedented because it is the first such find in the area, officials said at the site.

Egyptologist Salah Al Kholi told a news conference held near the desert site that the discovery was “the first human necropolis found in central Egypt with so many mummies”, and could herald even more discoveries in the area.

Mohamed Hamza, director of excavations for Cairo University called the discovery “important, unprecedented.”

The site is close to an ancient animal cemetery.

It was the second discovery of mummies announced with much fanfare by the government in less than a month.

In April, the ministry unveiled eight mummies discovered in a 3,500-year-old tomb belonging to a nobleman in the southern city of Luxor. .

For the cash-strapped Egyptian government, the discoveries are a boon as it struggles to attract tourists scared off by a series of militant attacks.

“Antiquities are the soft power that distinguishes Egypt,” antiquities minister Khaled Al Enany said. “News of antiquities are the things that attract the world to Egypt.”

Millions of tourists visit Egypt every year to see its Giza Pyramids — the only surviving monument of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World — and its ancient pharaonic temples and relics.

But a popular uprising in 2011 that overthrew veteran strongman Hosni Mubarak ushered in years of unrest that battered the economy and drove away tourists.

* Agence France-Presse