What exactly is going on at Dubai private equity firm Abraaj

Following a five-month saga involving concerns over misuse of investor funds, the Middle East and North Africa's biggest buyout firm is selling some key assets to Colony Capital of the US as it moves towards liquidation

Tom Barrack, CEO of Colony Capital, addresses the final night of the Republican National Convention at Quicken Loans Arena in Cleveland, Ohio, July 21, 2016. / AFP PHOTO / Robyn BECK
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In February, reports emerged that some of the 24 high-profile investors in a $1 billion healthcare fund owned by Abraaj Holdings had initiated an investigation, suspecting misuse of hundreds of millions of dollars of their money.

The Abraaj Growth Markets Health Fund deployed capital from investors including the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, the World Bank’s International Finance Corporation, the UK’s CDC Group and Proparco Group of France.

These four requested an audit of the health fund and engaged Ankura Consulting to find out what had happened to some of the money invested in the vehicle.

All along, Abraaj, and its Pakistan-born founder Arif Naqvi, have denied any wrongdoing. The saga has, however, roiled the region's private equity markets due to the vast pool of stakeholders with exposure to Abraaj, ranging from low-cost carrier Air Arabia to Kuwait's Public Institution for Social Security. Creditors have sought liquidation of the firm and its assets in efforts to recover their funds in the wake of the allegations.

Timeline of the main events

Feb 2: The New York Times and The Wall Street Journal run articles revealing the investigation into the alleged misappropriation of funds in the $1bn healthcare fund.

Feb 4: Abraaj issues a statement denying any misappropriation of funds, and dismissing the media report as "inaccurate and misleading." It also says it has hired auditing firm KPMG to investigate the matter.

Feb 8: Abraaj says the KPMG review found no evidence of misuse of funds

Feb 23: Abraaj says Mr Naqvi has relinquished control of the firm's fund management business but will remain CEO of the holding company. Omar Lodhi and Selcuk Yorgancioglu, the two partners with the firm, have been promoted as co-chief executives of the fund management business, Abraaj Investment Management Limited, which will have an independent board of directors.

March 30: Reports that Abraaj is cutting nearly 15 per cent of its total workforce of about 350 people.

April 15: Abraaj said to have hired auditing firm Deloitte to examine its business, including the healthcare fund after investors questioned the earlier review by KPMG.

May 7: Abraaj reportedly in talks to sell a majority stake in its fund management unit to US asset manager Colony NorthStar to help stabilise the business.

May 19: Bloomberg reports that the alleged misuse of funds went beyond the $1 billion healthcare fund.

June 5: Abraaj says it expects to reach a deal with its secured creditors to freeze its debt.

June 7: Kuwait's Public Institution for Social Security, an unsecured creditor, says it has filed a petition in a Cayman Islands court seeking liquidation of Abraaj Holdings.

June 11: According to findings of a review by Deloitte show that Abraaj commingled about $95m after it faced cash shortages. There was no evidence found of any embezzlement or misappropriation.

June 15: Abraaj Holdings seeks a Cayman Islands court-supervised restructuring as the firm tries to re-order its liabilities and pursue the sale of its funds management business.

June 14: Egypt's Orascom Construction says Abraaj has offloaded its entire stake in the company for $52m.

June 19: Abraaj Group says a Cayman Islands court approved its request for a provisional liquidation of the business, enabling a court-supervised restructuring and protection of stakeholders' rights.

June 21: Abraaj says it has agreed to sell some of its key funds to Colony Capital of the US.

What does that deal mean for Abraaj, its staff, investments and investors?

Joint-liquidators Deloitte said the sale of the units and assets will mean continuity of trade, servicing of clients and employment of staff in the Latin America, Sub-Saharan Africa, North Africa and Turkey regions. Mr Naqvi said that this sale means that "the teams that have been nurtured over the years and the businesses that we were proud to invest in now have a clearly defined future and a good home". It also means that the court-ordered liquidation and restructuring of the group will proceed.

Who are Colony Capital?

Colony Capital is a US real estate and investment management firm which has $43bn of assets under management. Its founder and executive chairman is the Lebanese-American billionaire Tom Barrack, who is a close confidante of US president Donald Trump.

What next?

Abraaj will hope that the deal with Colony will end the saga as it moves ahead with liquidation. However, it is likely that the focus will now shift to how companies like Air Arabia were left exposed in such a way in the first place through investments with Abraaj.