Warren Buffett's search for value leads to him buying his own company's shares

Berkshire Hathaway spent $5.1bn on buybacks in the second quarter as its shares underperformed the S&P500 index

(FILES) In this file photo taken on May 04, 2019, Warren Buffett, CEO of Berkshire Hathaway, speaks to the press as he arrives at the 2019 annual shareholders meeting in Omaha, Nebraska. Berkshire Hathaway, the holding company of Warren Buffett, bought back approximately $5.1 billion of its own shares in the second quarter as it was hit hard by economic fallout from the coronavirus pandemic. Berkshire's net profit climbed to $26.3 billion, up sharply from $14.1 billion in the same period last year.  / AFP / Johannes EISELE
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Warren Buffett is betting on brighter prospects for Berkshire Hathaway.

Berkshire spent a record $5.1 billion (Dh18.7bn) buying back its own stock in the second quarter, and may have kept that higher pace going in July. The billionaire investor sought to seize on a bigger discount to the S&P 500 during a quarter when the conglomerate’s operating businesses held up better than expected.

Mr Buffett said in early May that he was keeping cash high to be prepared for any direction the pandemic might turn and wasn’t overly attracted to buybacks. But as he searched for undervalued assets to spend billions on, he gravitated to his own firm’s shares.

“Even though we don’t know how long it’s going to be and how much it’s going to permanently affect people’s behaviour, we think Berkshire Hathaway is in a really good position to survive,” said Bill Smead, chief investment officer at Smead Capital Management, which oversees $1.5bn of assets, including Berkshire shares.

Jim Shanahan, an analyst at financial advisors Edward Jones, estimated that Berkshire repurchased about $2.4bn more of its own stock in July.

The company's 10 per cent drop in operating profit wasn’t nearly as precipitous as the 27 per cent decline expected by analysts at Keefe, Bruyette & Woods, and results were better than a forecast from Mr Shanahan. Earnings generated by Berkshire’s businesses topped $5bn for the ninth time in the last 10 quarters.

Mr Buffett piled into his firm’s stock as Class A shares fell 1.7 per cent and Class B shares were down 2.4 per cent in the second quarter. He wasn’t as bullish on broader equities as the S&P 500 rallied 20 per cent. Berkshire had its biggest net sales of stocks in more than a decade.

Berkshire’s Class A shares rose 0.7 per cent at 9.34am in New York (5.34pm UAE time) on Monday. Its Class B shares were up 0.6 per cent.

Along with the buybacks, purchases of Bank of America stock in recent weeks as well as a July deal for natural gas assets signal that Mr Buffett isn’t just waiting on the sidelines anymore. He’s picking his spots: Bank of America is a long term Berkshire investment and Mr Buffett’s firm is very active in the energy sector.

“All of those are really things he’s comfortable with,” said Paul Lountzis, who oversees investments including Berkshire shares as president of Lountzis Asset Management. “I don’t think he’s stepping out of his comfort zone. He’s still trying to be very careful and very conservative.”

And with a record $146.6bn of cash on hand at the end of June, Berkshire said the company could weather the pandemic’s effects.

“Our operating business groups are preparing for reduced cash flows from reduced revenues and economic activity as a result of Covid-19,” Berkshire said on Saturday in a regulatory filing.

“We currently believe our liquidity and capital strength, which is extremely strong, to be more than adequate.”

Berkshire sold almost $13bn in stocks, on a net basis, during the quarter. That included Mr Buffett’s decision to dump airline stakes, which was announced at his annual meeting in May. Another chunk of the divestments appears to come from Berkshire’s bets on financials. Berkshire and other investment companies are expected to report their current holdings by August 14.

Berkshire continued to feel the pain of the airline industry upheaval, even after dumping its holdings in four of the major US airlines. Buffett’s company booked a $10bn impairment charge tied to its Precision Castparts business in the second quarter, and warned that it might take a vaccine to get that market back to more normal levels.

Operating profit slumped 10 per cent, hit by lower earnings from the railroad BNSF and from Berkshire’s collection of manufacturing, service and retailing businesses.

BNSF reported reduced revenue across the variety of goods it carries on its rails, including agricultural products, consumer items, industrial cargo and coal, but the business was able to eke out more cost savings in the quarter.

Berkshire's net earnings surged nearly 87 per cent in the second quarter, driven by swings in its $207bn stock portfolio. Unrealised gains in stock holdings accounted for a $34.5bn gain.

Berkshire’s Apple stake, its largest common stock bet, ended the quarter at $91.5bn, meaning it accounted for about 44 per cent of the company’s stock portfolio.

Insurance underwriting profit more than doubled to $806m in the period. That was helped by gains at auto insurer Geico as fewer accidents benefitted the business. Berkshire warned that Geico might be hurt in the next three quarters by a programme that’s giving drivers a credit on their premiums.