epa06708938 An assistant cleans a VW Touareg SUV car prior to the annual general meeting (AGM) in Berlin, Germany, 03 May 2018. Volkswagen shareholders are gathering for the annual shareholders' meeting, following the Diesel motor manipulation and animal testing scandals.  EPA/CLEMENS BILAN
A VW Touareg 4x4. Despite the huge cost of the emissions cheating scandal, the German car maker is now as polished as ever and seems to have comfortably ridden out the debacle. Clemens Bilan/EPA

Armour-plated VW proves impervious to 'dieselgate' scandal