Rene Konrad earns bonus miles from four airlines, plus loyalty points from six retailers and credit cards. But the one loyalty programme he is most excited about now offers him something different: digital coins.
Before he jumps on the train to Zurich most mornings, Mr Konrad grabs a bottle of Caffe Lattesso. The 41-year-old can get about 12 Lattessocoins by entering a code from the bottle into a website. In a few months, the accumulated coins, which only became available in April, should become tradeable for other digital tokens, as well as cash.
“I don’t know how many airline miles I lost because I didn’t use them fast enough,” Mr Konrad says. “The fiat money no one can take away from me.”
With more than 1,600 digital tokens already in existence, coin issuers and companies are embracing the tried-and-tested loyalty programmes to differentiate themselves. In February, Tokyo-based e-commerce giant Rakuten said it planned to issue its own rewards coin convertible to cash. EZ Rent-A-Car is letting reward-program members convert points into digital currencies such as Bitcoin. Hewlett Packard Enterprise is trying to figure out how to make tokens work for petrol-station rewards.
They still face an uphill climb. Total loyalty programs’ user growth has slowed to 15 per cent over a two-year period ending 2016, down from 26 per cent in the prior similar period, according to the 2017 Colloquy Loyalty Census, based in part on a survey of about 4,500 American and Canadian consumers. More than half of loyalty memberships in the US are inactive, and about 30 per cent of consumers have abandoned a programme without ever redeeming a point or a mile.
Companies are hoping digital coins can reverse these trends by capturing the attention of younger consumers. Almost one in five millennials owns digital currencies, according to a survey of 2,001 Americans commissioned by Finder.com.
The changeover could also help boost the bottom line. While unredeemed reward points often sit as liabilities on companies’ balance sheets, digital coins representing those same reward points and convertible into cash likely won’t have to. When redeemed, the coins may even be booked as revenue.
Then there’s the allure of the blockchain. Today, merchants pay third-party processors like First Data Corp. about $35 billion a year for servicing prepaid or private-label credit cards that are tied to loyalty points, according to Richard Crone, chief executive of payments consultant Crone Consulting. By issuing tokens, merchants could cut up to 80 per cent of the fees, he said. The underlying blockchain technology can help them keep track of transactions.
"You are creating your own card with your own prepaid balances," Mr Crone says. Many major merchants are piloting such programmes this year, and will launch them next year, he said.
Within five to 10 years, 5 per cent of US adults will use crypto loyalty points, and the annual issuance of related tokens should reach $3.6bn, saus Lex Sokolin, global director of fintech strategy for Autonomous Research. Within 10 to 20 years, 15 per cent of Americans are likely to use digital loyalty points, he estimates.
Rakuten could become the biggest provider of blockchain-based loyalty coins. Chief execurtive Hiroshi “Mickey” Mikitani said this year that the company plans to issue a loyalty coin that can be used on its websites and converted to fiat. The e-retailer has already issued $9bn of points in the last 15 years, he said.
Other companies are not far behind. Startup Qiibee, which worked with about 900 brands including Subway and Burger King on a mobile app, is now placing customers such as Lattesso on blockchain. By the end of the year, 20 brands will likely have issued loyalty coins.
"It doesn’t mean it will replace the mile, it will replace the technology behind it," says Qiibee chief executive Gabriele Giancola. “It’s no more points, it’s a token."
Another startup, the DigitalBits Project, says tokens for its Caddle app, which offers Canadians cash-back rebates from companies like PepsiCo and Mars, could eventually be converted to Ether or Bitcoin.
Others expect blockchain-based loyalty programmes to evolve beyond tradeable coins. Hewlett Packard is working with Streamr to test using blockchain to provide rewards to motorists. In the future, cars may collect their own acceleration data, fuel usage and location information, and let nearby gas companies offer drivers incentives through coupons or loyalty points.
Tradeable tokens don’t come without some drawbacks. Instead of using them to shop at the issuing company’s stores or website, users could spend them elsewhere.
And some of the first blockchain-based loyalty programs are admittedly more marketing gimmicks than deals. Advantage Rent A Car started a new coin-based loyalty programme in May. Members of its EZ Money loyalty program can get $25 of Bitcoin for earning 5,000 reward points - or spending $5,000 on rentals - a hefty commitment by most measures. The company may adjust the amount.
"The benefit of a programme is when you give customers what they want, they will come and rent from you again," says Advantage chief executive Scott Davido.