Oil rebounds after Saudi Arabia pledges export cut

Kingdom to limit crude oil exports at 6.6 million barrels per day in August, almost 1 million bpd below levels a year ago

Saudi Arabian Energy Minister Khalid al-Falih, Russian Energy Minister Alexander Novak, Kuwaiti Oil Minister Essam al-Marzouq and OPEC Secretary General Mohammad Barkindo attend a meeting of the 4th OPEC-Non-OPEC Ministerial Monitoring Committee in St. Petersburg, Russia July 24, 2017. REUTERS/Anton Vaganov
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Oil rallied on Monday, erasing early losses after the leading Opec producer Saudi Arabia pledged to cut its exports to help speed up the rebalancing of global supply and demand.

The Saudi energy minister Khalid Al Falih said his country would limit crude oil exports at 6.6 million barrels per day in August, almost 1 million bpd below levels a year ago.

Brent September crude futures were up 53 cents on the day at US$48.59 a barrel by 10.41 GMT, having risen from an earlier session low of $47.68.

NYMEX crude for September delivery rose 41 cents to $46.18 a barrel.

"This is the Saudis saying they view the current market conditions as too weak and they are actually delivering," said the SEB commodity strategist Bjarne Schieldrop.

"It shows real additional willing on their part to do something, which is hugely important, rather than sitting back and letting Opec motions roll forward. They're acting unilaterally and adding pressure."

Mr Al Falih also said Opec and their non-Opec partners were committed to extending their existing 1.8 million bpd supply reduction deal beyond next March if necessary, but would demand that any non-compliant nations stick to the agreement.

Opec and some of its competitors met in the Russian city of St Petersburg to review market conditions and examine proposals related to their pact to cut output.

There was no discussion of deeper oil output cuts, but Mr Al Falih said Nigeria, which is exempt from the deal, had signalled it was ready to cap its output at about 1.8 million bpd.

Nigeria and Libya have been exempt from the cuts to help their industries recover from years of unrest.

"Al Falih is striking an optimistic tone today by also saying 'it is only a matter of time before inventories return to 5-year average', the question for the market is how long?," said the BNP Paribas head of commodity strategy Harry Tchilinguirian.

"With patience already being tested, a slow re-balancing of the market is unlikely to invite strong buying interest, and could lead to the early unravelling of potential summer price gains."

Opec and some non-Opec states including Russia agreed to cut production by 1.8 million bpd from January 2017 to the end of March 2018.

The Russian energy minister Alexander Novak said the output deal had helped to clear 350 million barrels of additional supply from the market so far this year.