The German chancellor Angela Merkel warned the United Kingdom that it must pay what it owes the European Union as part of Brexit talks, saying it is misleading to view the costs as a divorce bill.
“This is about obligations that Great Britain has entered into and that naturally must remain on the books,” Mrs Merkel said in her weekly podcast published on Saturday. “It’s not about the cost of divorce - that makes it sound like fines. We’re still at the very start of these negotiations.”
Talks on the UK’s exit from the European Union are due to resume on Monday with little clarity on key topics, including the amount of the financial settlement that is an early part of the discussions. With the British prime minister Theresa May’s government silent on how much money it will pay the EU, Mrs Merkel said the two are facing a “very difficult issue”.
How much the UK owes the EU in leaving the bloc is among the most difficult issues, with analysts estimating the EU will put forward a gross bill of as much as €100 billion (Dh525.58bn). Britain’s government acknowledged in July that it will have a bill to pay, saying it wants to “determine a fair settlement of the UK’s rights and obligations”.
Separately from any Brexit deals, the EU’s next budget talks will “surely be very difficult” because the 28-nation bloc is losing a net contributor, Mrs Merkel said.
As she runs for a fourth term in Germany’s Sept. 24 election on a platform of defending EU values, she joined the French president Emmanuel Macron in criticising Poland for a government push to encroach on the courts.
While countries such as Poland and Hungary can always take grievances to the European Court of Justice, “we can’t make any false compromises”, Mrs Merkel said in response to questions from a German student in the podcast.
“That’s why we’re in a very serious situation, particularly with Poland,” she said. “But we can’t say that the member states have unlimited plurality. Rather, it has it’s limits at those points where fundamental democratic values might be infringed.”
After a series of government overhauls of Poland’s judiciary raised questions about the independence of courts, the EU’s biggest eastern economy may face EU sanctions over what the union calls an attack on the rule of law. Along with countries such as Hungary and the Czech Republic, Poland has also ignored EU policy and refused to take in refugees, citing security concerns.
“We can’t pick and choose the areas in which Europe offers solidarity,” Mrs Merkel said.