U.S. President Donald Trump speaks during a meeting with Jens Stoltenberg, secretary general of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), not pictured, in the Cabinet Room of the White House in Washington, D.C. U.S., on Thursday, May 17, 2018. The White House said the two leaders will be discussing the upcoming NATO Summit in July. Photographer: Andrew Harrer/Bloomberg
A $200bn reduction in the US trade gap with China by 2020 was on a list of demands the Trump administration made earlier this month. Andrew Harrer/Bloomberg

China offers Trump $200bn cut in US trade deficit



China has offered President Donald Trump a $200 billion reduction in its annual trade surplus with the US by increasing imports of American products and other steps, said a Trump administration official.

China made the offer during talks in Washington this week as Chinese vice premier Liu He visited to try to resolve a trade dispute, the official said, speaking on condition of anonymity. Mr Liu met with Mr Trump on Thursday afternoon at the White House. The official did not describe the US response.

US officials conveyed the president’s goal for a fair trading relationship with China and the two sides agreed to continue the discussions on Friday, the White House said in a statement. China’s Ministry of Commerce and the State Council Information Office did not initially respond to requests for comment.

A $200bn reduction in the US trade gap with China by 2020 was on a list of demands the Trump administration made earlier this month as Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin led a delegation to Beijing. The US merchandise trade deficit with China hit a record $375bn last year.

The US had earlier made additional demands, including a halt to subsidies and other government support for the Made in China 2025 plan that targets strategic industries from robotics to new-energy vehicles. China had made its own demands, including giving equal treatment to its investment, and warned US companies may be excluded from measures to open its economy.

A deal to cut the deficit, if confirmed, "is good news for market sentiment," said Dariusz Kowalczyk, senior emerging-market strategist at Credit Agricole in Hong Kong. "That said, China would suffer pressure on GDP growth as a result and would need to boost domestic demand and debt in the economy through monetary easing and allowing more credit."

The yuan could weaken on the news given expectations for a deterioration of China’s balance of payments, while Chinese government bond yields may come under downward pressure, said Mr Kowalczyk.

The Trump administration has threatened to impose tariffs on as much as $150bn of Chinese imports to the US as tensions over trade have escalated. Mr Trump expressed doubt before his meeting with Mr Liu that China and the US would come to an agreement to avoid a damaging trade war.

“Will that be successful? I tend to doubt it,” Mr Trump said during a press briefing on Thursday with Nato Secretary-General Jens Stoltenberg. “The reason I doubt it is because China’s become very spoiled.”

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Shane Oliver, head of investment strategy at AMP Capital Investors in Sydney, said the Chinese proposal is “a positive sign that a full on trade war may be averted.”

“By making a significant offer to the US it indicates that China is taking the negotiations very seriously,” Mr Oliver said. “Much will depend on the details and time period and later in terms of the implementation.”

Reuters reported China’s trade deficit reduction offer earlier.

The US and China were expected to exchange new trade proposals during the Washington talks, Trump economic adviser Larry Kudlow said earlier on Thursday. Mr Mnuchin is leading the talks with Mr Liu, along with Commerce Secretary Wilbur Ross and US Trade Representative Robert Lighthizer, according to the White House.

Victor Shih, a professor at the University of California in San Diego who studies China’s politics and finance, said he finds an agreement to cut the US. deficit by $200bn "difficult to contemplate".

"Even with a drastic reallocation of Chinese imports of energy, raw materials and airplanes in favour of the US, the bilateral trade deficit may reduce by $100bn," he said. "A $200bn reduction would mean a drastic reduction in Chinese exports to the US and a dramatic restructuring of the supply chain."

Mr Kudlow said the US focus is on China opening market access to American companies by lowering their trading barriers and addressing US concerns over the theft of intellectual property.

“American ownership of its own companies in China must be permitted,” Mr Kudlow said. “We are going to have serious talks dealing with a difficult trade situation that needs to be fixed.”

Mr Trump also said on Thursday that his decision to order a review of US penalties on China’s ZTE came directly at the request of Chinese President Xi Jinping. “The president of China, President Xi, asked me to look at it. I said I would look at it,” Mr Trump said, adding, “but anything we do with ZTE is always - it’s just a small component of the overall deal.

In a surprise move, Mr Trump on Sunday said that the US was considering ways to help get ZTE ''back in business fast," fueling speculation of a softening of his get-tough position on China. The Commerce Department blocked ZTE's access to US. suppliers last month, saying the company had violated a 2017 sanctions settlement related to trading with Iran and North Korea and then lied about the violations.

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'Young girls thinking of big ideas'

Words come easy for aspiring writer Afra Al Muhairb. The business side of books, on the other hand, is entirely foreign to the 16-year-old Emirati. So, she followed her father’s advice and enroled in the Abu Dhabi Education Council’s summer entrepreneurship course at Abu Dhabi University hoping to pick up a few new skills.

“Most of us have this dream of opening a business,” said Afra, referring to her peers are “young girls thinking of big ideas.”

In the three-week class, pupils are challenged to come up with a business and develop an operational and marketing plan to support their idea. But, the learning goes far beyond sales and branding, said teacher Sonia Elhaj.

“It’s not only about starting up a business, it’s all the meta skills that goes with it -- building self confidence, communication,” said Ms Elhaj. “It’s a way to coach them and to harness ideas and to allow them to be creative. They are really hungry to do this and be heard. They are so happy to be actually doing something, to be engaged in creating something new, not only sitting and listening and getting new information and new knowledge. Now they are applying that knowledge.”

Afra’s team decided to focus their business idea on a restaurant modelled after the Leaning Tower of Pisa. Each level would have a different international cuisine and all the meat would be halal. The pupils thought of this after discussing a common problem they face when travelling abroad.

“Sometimes we find the struggle of finding halal food, so we just eat fish and cheese, so it’s hard for us to spend 20 days with fish and cheese,” said Afra. “So we made this tower so every person who comes – from Africa, from America – they will find the right food to eat.”

rpennington@thenational.ae

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