Britain will use aid to boost trade ties with Africa, PM says

Theresa May is on her first official visit to the continent

British Prime Minister Theresa May addresses business leaders at the offices of the First National Bank in Cape Town, on August 28, 2018, as part as part of a three-day, three-nation visit to Africa focused on post-Brexit trade ties. (Photo by NIC BOTHMA / POOL / AFP)
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Britain will use its international aid budget to boost its own interests while also seeking to deepen trade ties with Africa, Prime Minister Theresa May said on Tuesday, countering critics who say aid funds would be better spent at home.

Mrs May, battling to unite her divided Conservative Party over her plan to take Britain out of the European Union, is visiting South Africa, Nigeria and Kenya on her first official trip to the continent.

In a speech in Cape Town, Mrs May said she wanted Britain to become the biggest investor in Africa among the Group of Seven nations, overtaking the United States, by using the aid budget to help British companies invest on the continent.

The government has held out the prospect of increased trade with non-European Union countries as one of the major selling points of Brexit as it prepares to leave the bloc, currently its biggest trading partner, next March.

In April, Britain hosted a meeting of Commonwealth countries, including South Africa, Kenya and Nigeria, seeking to reinvigorate the network of mostly former colonies and drum up new trade among its members.

Mrs May again committed to maintaining the overall British aid budget at 0.7 per cent of economic output, but said she would use it in a way that helped Britain.

"I am unashamed about the need to ensure that our aid programme works for the UK," Mrs May said.

"Today I am committing that our development spending will not only combat extreme poverty, but at the same time tackle global challenges and support our own national interest."

Britain’s overseas aid last year was £13.9 billion (Dh65.8bn). The budget has come under fire from many of Mrs May's own regulators, who say it is too high and should be spent elsewhere or in Britain itself.


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Mrs May, who was accompanied by a delegation of British business executives, also said Britain would work with African states to tackle insecurity and migration by creating jobs.

"It is in the world’s interest to see that those jobs are created, to tackle the causes and symptoms of extremism and instability, to deal with migration flows and to encourage clean growth," Mrs May said.

According to the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development, British direct investment in Africa was £43bn in 2016, compared to £44bn from the United States.

Investment from France, which maintains close ties with its former colonies in West Africa, stood at £38bn and from China, rapidly becoming a major player in Africa, £31bn.

Britain was South Africa's sixth largest global trading partner last year, with total trade at 79.5bn rand (Dh20.53bn), the South African president's office said.

Under the banner of creating a "Global Britain", Trade Minister Liam Fox, a prominent proponent of Brexit, has cited International Monetary Fund research stating that 90 per cent of global growth in the coming year will be generated outside the EU.

Phil Clark, a lecturer on African politics at the University of London's School of African and Oriental Studies, said that as Britain confronts the full impact of Brexit, African states will enter discussions from a position of strength.

"They understand fully well the UK's predicament and they have a multitude of other trade partners, including China, India and Russia," he wrote in a note. "If the UK's offers don't stack up against those from these other international partners, May will come home empty-handed."

Mrs May also said Britain supported South Africa's land reform programme, provided it is carried out legally. She would discuss the issue with President Cyril Ramaphosa, she said.

"The UK has for some time now supported land reform. Land reform that is legal, that is transparent, that is generated through a democratic process," Mrs May said.

Last week South Africa accused US President Donald Trump of stoking racial divisions after he said he had asked Secretary of State Mike Pompeo to study South African "land and farm seizures" and the "killing of farmers".