Two full size Daleks from the BBC TV series Dr Who, dating from the late 1970,s to 1988 and used in the series 'Remembrance of the Daleks' at Bonhams auction house in London, Monday, Aug. 2, 2010. The Daleks are estimated to sell for some 10-15,000 (US$ 15,700-23,000) when sold on Aug. 15. (AP Photo/Alastair Grant)
A 1965 photo of Doctor Who's 'most famous adversaries', the Daleks. Steven Moffat, the executive producer of the BBC show, claims he's going to 'give them a rest'.

The shifting appearances of on-screen enemies



"There's a problem with the Daleks," said Steven Moffat, the executive producer of the BBC show Doctor Who, on which the diabolical cyborgs appear. And he wasn't referring to their shrill voices, limited vocabulary or difficulty going up stairs. "They are the most famous of the Doctor's adversaries and the most frequent, which means they are the most reliably defeatable enemies in the universe," he said.

Moffatt then joked that the legendary Time Lord has triumphed over the pepper pot-shaped aliens "about 400 times", before telling the Radio Times that he plans to "give them a rest".

Considered the quintessential Whovian baddies, they first yelled "Exterminate!" in the opening series of the show, which began in 1963, and were last seen in the 2010 episode The Pandorica Opens, conspiring with several other long-time villains to trap the pesky Doctor (played by Matt Smith) in an impenetrable box underneath Stonehenge.

In the show, the tanklike machines contain living mutant aliens and were created by the scientist Davros on the planet Sarko, during a thousand-year war against the Thals. Genetically engineered without pity, compassion or remorse and bent on genocide, they made their first appearance less than two decades after the end of the Second World War, and their creator, Terry Nation, is said to have based them on the Nazis.

Also during the 1960s, but on the other side of the Atlantic, another alien adversary made its first appearance. Although Klingons are known for their bumpy foreheads, in the original series of Star Trek the warrior race had no more ridges on their craniums than their human counterparts. Instead (due to tight make-up budgets), they sported just bronze skin and prominent facial hair.

It's been said that the original Klingons were intended to call to mind America's Second World War adversary, Japan. The honourable, yet rather brutal aliens found a rather more long-lasting allegorical role as the Soviet Union in opposition to the United States's future counterpart in the show, the United Federation of Planets. The theory is reinforced by the fact that Klingons and the Federation finally made peace in the 1991 movie Star Trek VI: The Undiscovered Country, less than two years after the fall of the Berlin Wall.

While using men in rubber suits and make-up as an allegory for the "Communist threat" that began in 1950s cinema with films such as The Thing From Another World, sci-fi writers also used stories of alien adversaries to comment on the culture of suspicion in the US during the Cold War. The 1956 classic Invasion of the Body Snatchers depicted a small American town gripped by an epidemic of mass hysteria, as members of their community are replaced by the Pod People. The film is considered by many to be a covert indictment of McCarthyism and the heightened fears of Communist influence during the era.

By the 1970s and 1980s, onscreen alien races had become much more... alien. The trophy-hunting warriors of Predator and the Xenomorphs from Alien were both stronger than humans, didn't speak our languages, and made it clear that we were no longer at the top of the food chain, (even if they were still played by men in rubber suits).

These fictional races spawned successful franchises because they played on innate human fears such as infection and being hunted.

Many of the most villainous races in science fiction were simply intended to reflect the worst characteristics of mankind. The Harkonnens of Frank Herbert's classic novel Dune are wasteful and greedy people, who use political and military force to exploit other planets when their homeworld is exhausted of resources. The slug-like Vogons of Douglas Adams's The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy are mocked for their obsessively bureaucratic nature, as well as for producing the third worst poetry in the universe. Meanwhile, The Galactic Empire of the Star Wars universe - a giant military force ruled by a secretive individual - has been compared to the Third Reich and the US military-industrial complex.

In some sci-fi, depicting man's shortcomings requires few allegories. Avatar saw mankind becoming the alien invader, as soldiers and corporate stooges fight to steal the resources of the peaceful indigenous Na'vi. In The Day the Earth Stood Still, humanity is ordered to end all war or face extinction by an advanced civilisation.

Greed, shortsightedness and dependence on technology is usually depicted more allegorically, however. The Terminator movie franchise and Battlestar Galactica series both feature man's mechanical creations turning against their masters and threatening them with extermination.

If there is to be a consensus drawn from science fiction, it might well be that, if any of the galaxy's species need to be "given a rest" - it's us.

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Drishyam 2

Directed by: Jeethu Joseph

Starring: Mohanlal, Meena, Ansiba, Murali Gopy

Rating: 4 stars

COMPANY PROFILE

Company name: Klipit

Started: 2022

Founders: Venkat Reddy, Mohammed Al Bulooki, Bilal Merchant, Asif Ahmed, Ovais Merchant

Based: Dubai, UAE

Industry: Digital receipts, finance, blockchain

Funding: $4 million

Investors: Privately/self-funded

KINGDOM OF THE PLANET OF THE APES

Director: Wes Ball

Starring: Owen Teague, Freya Allen, Kevin Durand

Rating: 3.5/5

Company profile

Name: Steppi

Founders: Joe Franklin and Milos Savic

Launched: February 2020

Size: 10,000 users by the end of July and a goal of 200,000 users by the end of the year

Employees: Five

Based: Jumeirah Lakes Towers, Dubai

Financing stage: Two seed rounds – the first sourced from angel investors and the founders' personal savings

Second round raised Dh720,000 from silent investors in June this year

The five pillars of Islam

1. Fasting

2. Prayer

3. Hajj

4. Shahada

5. Zakat 

Fixtures (6pm UAE unless stated)

Saturday Bournemouth v Leicester City, Chelsea v Manchester City (8.30pm), Huddersfield v Tottenham Hotspur (3.30pm), Manchester United v Crystal Palace, Stoke City v Southampton, West Bromwich Albion v Watford, West Ham United v Swansea City

Sunday Arsenal v Brighton (3pm), Everton v Burnley (5.15pm), Newcastle United v Liverpool (6.30pm)

Confirmed bouts (more to be added)

Cory Sandhagen v Umar Nurmagomedov
Nick Diaz v Vicente Luque
Michael Chiesa v Tony Ferguson
Deiveson Figueiredo v Marlon Vera
Mackenzie Dern v Loopy Godinez

Tickets for the August 3 Fight Night, held in partnership with the Department of Culture and Tourism Abu Dhabi, went on sale earlier this month, through www.etihadarena.ae and www.ticketmaster.ae.

COMPANY PROFILE

Company name: Bedu

Started: 2021

Founders: Khaled Al Huraimel, Matti Zinder, Amin Al Zarouni

Based: Dubai, UAE

Industry: AI, metaverse, Web3 and blockchain

Funding: Currently in pre-seed round to raise $5 million to $7 million

Investors: Privately funded

Sri Lanka squad

Dinesh Chandimal, Dimuth Karunaratne, Kaushal Silva, Kusal Mendis, Angelo Mathews, Lahiru Thirimanne, Niroshan Dickwella, Sadeera Samarawickrama, Rangana Herath, Suranga Lakmal, Nuwan Pradeep, Lakshan Sandakan, Vishwa Fernando, Lahiru Kumara, Jeffrey Vandersay, Milinda Siriwardana, Roshen Silva, Akila Dananjaya, Charith Asalanka, Shaminda Eranga and Dhammika Prasad.

Company profile

Name: Homie Portal LLC

Started: End of 2021 

Founder: Abdulla Al Kamda 

Based: Dubai

Sector: FinTech 

Initial investment: Undisclosed 

Current number of staff: 14 

Investment stage: Launch 

Investors: Self-funded

Most wanted allegations
  • Benjamin Macann, 32: involvement in cocaine smuggling gang.
  • Jack Mayle, 30: sold drugs from a phone line called the Flavour Quest.
  • Callum Halpin, 27: over the 2018 murder of a rival drug dealer. 
  • Asim Naveed, 29: accused of being the leader of a gang that imported cocaine.
  • Calvin Parris, 32: accused of buying cocaine from Naveed and selling it on.
  • John James Jones, 31: allegedly stabbed two people causing serious injuries.
  • Callum Michael Allan, 23: alleged drug dealing and assaulting an emergency worker.
  • Dean Garforth, 29: part of a crime gang that sold drugs and guns.
  • Joshua Dillon Hendry, 30: accused of trafficking heroin and crack cocain. 
  • Mark Francis Roberts, 28: grievous bodily harm after a bungled attempt to steal a+£60,000 watch.
  • James+‘Jamie’ Stevenson, 56: for arson and over the seizure of a tonne of cocaine.
  • Nana Oppong, 41: shot a man eight times in a suspected gangland reprisal attack. 

Heather, the Totality
Matthew Weiner,
Canongate 

The years Ramadan fell in May

1987

1954

1921

1888

10 tips for entry-level job seekers
  • Have an up-to-date, professional LinkedIn profile. If you don’t have a LinkedIn account, set one up today. Avoid poor-quality profile pictures with distracting backgrounds. Include a professional summary and begin to grow your network.
  • Keep track of the job trends in your sector through the news. Apply for job alerts at your dream organisations and the types of jobs you want – LinkedIn uses AI to share similar relevant jobs based on your selections.
  • Double check that you’ve highlighted relevant skills on your resume and LinkedIn profile.
  • For most entry-level jobs, your resume will first be filtered by an applicant tracking system for keywords. Look closely at the description of the job you are applying for and mirror the language as much as possible (while being honest and accurate about your skills and experience).
  • Keep your CV professional and in a simple format – make sure you tailor your cover letter and application to the company and role.
  • Go online and look for details on job specifications for your target position. Make a list of skills required and set yourself some learning goals to tick off all the necessary skills one by one.
  • Don’t be afraid to reach outside your immediate friends and family to other acquaintances and let them know you are looking for new opportunities.
  • Make sure you’ve set your LinkedIn profile to signal that you are “open to opportunities”. Also be sure to use LinkedIn to search for people who are still actively hiring by searching for those that have the headline “I’m hiring” or “We’re hiring” in their profile.
  • Prepare for online interviews using mock interview tools. Even before landing interviews, it can be useful to start practising.
  • Be professional and patient. Always be professional with whoever you are interacting with throughout your search process, this will be remembered. You need to be patient, dedicated and not give up on your search. Candidates need to make sure they are following up appropriately for roles they have applied.

Arda Atalay, head of Mena private sector at LinkedIn Talent Solutions, Rudy Bier, managing partner of Kinetic Business Solutions and Ben Kinerman Daltrey, co-founder of KinFitz

Our legal consultants

Name: Hassan Mohsen Elhais

Position: legal consultant with Al Rowaad Advocates and Legal Consultants.

KEY DATES IN AMAZON'S HISTORY

July 5, 1994: Jeff Bezos founds Cadabra Inc, which would later be renamed to Amazon.com, because his lawyer misheard the name as 'cadaver'. In its earliest days, the bookstore operated out of a rented garage in Bellevue, Washington

July 16, 1995: Amazon formally opens as an online bookseller. Fluid Concepts and Creative Analogies: Computer Models of the Fundamental Mechanisms of Thought becomes the first item sold on Amazon

1997: Amazon goes public at $18 a share, which has grown about 1,000 per cent at present. Its highest closing price was $197.85 on June 27, 2024

1998: Amazon acquires IMDb, its first major acquisition. It also starts selling CDs and DVDs

2000: Amazon Marketplace opens, allowing people to sell items on the website

2002: Amazon forms what would become Amazon Web Services, opening the Amazon.com platform to all developers. The cloud unit would follow in 2006

2003: Amazon turns in an annual profit of $75 million, the first time it ended a year in the black

2005: Amazon Prime is introduced, its first-ever subscription service that offered US customers free two-day shipping for $79 a year

2006: Amazon Unbox is unveiled, the company's video service that would later morph into Amazon Instant Video and, ultimately, Amazon Video

2007: Amazon's first hardware product, the Kindle e-reader, is introduced; the Fire TV and Fire Phone would come in 2014. Grocery service Amazon Fresh is also started

2009: Amazon introduces Amazon Basics, its in-house label for a variety of products

2010: The foundations for Amazon Studios were laid. Its first original streaming content debuted in 2013

2011: The Amazon Appstore for Google's Android is launched. It is still unavailable on Apple's iOS

2014: The Amazon Echo is launched, a speaker that acts as a personal digital assistant powered by Alexa

2017: Amazon acquires Whole Foods for $13.7 billion, its biggest acquisition

2018: Amazon's market cap briefly crosses the $1 trillion mark, making it, at the time, only the third company to achieve that milestone

A Bad Moms Christmas
Dir: John Lucas and Scott Moore
Starring: Mila Kunis, Kathryn Hahn, Kristen Bell, Susan Sarandon, Christine Baranski, Cheryl Hines
Two stars

PSG's line up

GK: Alphonse Areola (youth academy)

Defence - RB: Dani Alves (free transfer); CB: Marquinhos (€31.4 million); CB: Thiago Silva (€42m); LB: Layvin Kurzawa (€23m)

Midfield - Angel di Maria (€47m); Adrien Rabiot (youth academy); Marco Verratti (€12m)

Forwards - Neymar (€222m); Edinson Cavani (€63m); Kylian Mbappe (initial: loan; to buy: €180m)

Total cost: €440.4m (€620.4m if Mbappe makes permanent move)

TO CATCH A KILLER

Director: Damian Szifron

Stars: Shailene Woodley, Ben Mendelsohn, Ralph Ineson

Rating: 2/5

World Cup warm up matches

May 24 Pakistan v Afghanistan, Bristol; Sri Lanka v South Africa, Cardiff

May 25 England v Australia, Southampton; India v New Zealand, The Oval

May 26 South Africa v West Indies, Bristol; Pakistan v Bangladesh, Cardiff

May 27 Australia v Sri Lanka, Southampton; England v Afghanistan, The Oval

May 28 West Indies v New Zealand, Bristol; Bangladesh v India, Cardiff