Iran’s economy faces tough years ahead despite a nuclear deal with world powers that the government hoped would spur investment and revive stagnant growth, ministers have warned.
Speaking to members of parliament on Monday and Tuesday, the industry and interior ministers painted a bleak picture of chronic underinvestment, surging inflation and unemployment in the country.
The interior minister Abdolreza Rahmani Fazli warned that Iran may achieve growth of only between 1.5 and 3 per cent annually.
“With that sort of growth, unemployment and inflation will double in the short term. We need foreign investment,” he said.
His predictions fall far short of the growth target of 8 per cent the president Hassan Rouhani set in January to tackle double-figure inflation and high unemployment.
Mr Rouhani’s government had hoped the lifting of economic sanctions following last year’s nuclear deal would trigger an influx of billions of dollars from overseas to boost growth and create jobs in a country where about a quarter of young people are out of work.
Iran needs annual foreign investment of US$30 billion to $50bn to reach the 8 per cent growth target and cash in on the nuclear deal, Mr Rouhani told parliament in January, a day after implementation of the historic agreement.
But Rahmani Fazli said a total of 3.5 million Iranians – some 11 percent of the workforce – are unemployed.
“I myself have three unemployed university graduates at home,” he said.
New investment cannot come soon enough for some sectors.
“Gradually increasing in the industrial and mining sector between 2000 and 2011, investment has fallen since 2012,” the industry minister Mohammad Reza Nematzadeh told parliament on Tuesday.
The lack of investment had created “a catastrophe in the industrial sector”, he said.
He emphasised government efforts to help, noting that 12 industrial projects with foreign investment of $500 million had been approved since the deal came into effect in mid-January.
Major western powers said on May 20 that they back doing business with Tehran. But many sanctions remain, deterring potential business partners who fear being hit by punishing US fines.
Low oil prices and years of US and European Union sanctions that barred much of Iran’s foreign oil sales have hammered the country’s income from crude. Its economy grew by less than 1 per cent in 2015.
“Concerning economic prosperity, Iran is ranked 106 out of 129 countries, which is the sign of a problem,” Mr Nematzadeh told MPs.
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